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Infective endocarditis caused by Neisseria elongata on a native tricuspid valve and confirmed by DNA sequencing

Yoo, Y.Pyo.; Kang, K-Woon.; Yoon, H.Soo.; Yoo, S.; Lee, M-Shin.

Texas Heart Institute Journal 41(2): 227-230

2014


ISSN/ISBN: 0730-2347
PMID: 24808790
DOI: 10.14503/thij-13-3153
Accession: 053829867

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Neisseria elongata, a common oral bacterium, has been recognized as a cause of infections such as infective endocarditis, septicemia, and osteomyelitis. Neisseria-induced infective endocarditis, although infrequently reported, typically arises after dental procedures. Without antibiotic therapy, its complications can be severe. We report the case of a 27-year-old man who presented with fever, severe dyspnea, and a leg abscess from cellulitis. An echocardiogram showed a vegetation-like echogenic structure on the septal leaflet of the patient's native tricuspid valve, and an insignificant Gerbode defect. Three blood cultures grew gram-negative, antibiotic-susceptible coccobacilli that were confirmed to be N. elongata. Subsequent DNA sequencing conclusively isolated N. elongata subsp nitroreducens as the organism responsible for the infective endocarditis. The patient recovered after 21 days of antibiotic therapy. In addition to the patient's unusual case, we discuss the nature and isolation of N. elongata and its subspecies.

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