+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in Iran: report of first confirmed cases from June to November 2009

Influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in Iran: report of first confirmed cases from June to November 2009

Archives of Iranian Medicine 13(2): 91-98

Since the declaration of a swine flu pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), the Islamic Republic of Iran has launched a surveillance system to test all suspected cases, both in community and hospital settings. From June 1st to November 11th, 2009, there were 2662 (1307 females and 1355 males) RT-PCR confirmed cases of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) detected in Iran. Of these cases, 75% were 5-40 years-old. During this period, 58 patients (2.18%) died. Of the total number of cases, 33 were pregnant women with no reported mortalities amongst them. The prevalence of death had no significance correlation with sex and age (P=0.720 and 0.194, respectively). Geographic distribution of the reported cases showed the highest rates in central and eastern provinces of Iran. There were two disease phases until November 2009, including an initial exogenous wave which blended into a second wave of indigenous disease, with a peak of cases after the start of the educational year. A review of the epidemiology of these initial phases of disease in Iran can help for better planning and more efficient action in future phases of the disease. It is of utmost importance to strengthen the surveillance system for this disease and appropriately transfer the resultant knowledge to the medical professionals, stakeholders and the general population, accordingly.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 053854530

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20187661

Related references

Influenza A pandemic in Iran report of first confirmed cases from June to November 2009. Archives Of Iranian Medicine: 2, 99-104, 2010

Approach to Pandemic 2009 influenza: first report from a main referral hospital for Pandemic H1N1 influenza care in Iran. Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 4(10): 629-635, 2010

Severe hospitalised 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) cases in France, 1 July-15 November 2009. Euro Surveillance 15(2):, 2010

Epidemiological, demographic, and molecular characteristics of laboratory-confirmed pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in Turkey, May 15-November 30, 2009. Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 63(4): 239-245, 2010

Prevalence of Oseltamivir-Resistant 2009 H1N1 Influenza Virus among Patients with Pandemic 2009 H1N1 Influenza infection in NRITLD, Tehran, Iran. Tanaffos 10(1): 8, 2011

Enhanced surveillance of initial cases of pandemic influenza (H1N1) 2009 infection in Spain, April-June 2009. Revista Espanola de Salud Publica 84(5): 529-546, 2011

Serologically confirmed household transmission of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus during the first pandemic wave--New York City, April-May 2009. Clinical Infectious Diseases 53(5): 455-462, 2011

Surveillance of the first 205 confirmed hospitalised cases of pandemic H1N1 influenza in Ireland, 28 April - 3 October 2009. Euro Surveillance 14(44):, 2009

Effectiveness of the 2009 seasonal influenza vaccine against pandemic influenza A(H1N1)2009 in healthcare workers in New Zealand, June-August 2009. Euro Surveillance 16(2):, 2011

Association between seasonal influenza vaccination in 2008-2009 and pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 infection among school students from Kobe, Japan, April-June 2009. Clinical Infectious Diseases 54(3): 381-383, 2012

Interim report on the A/H1N1 influenza virus pandemic in Marseille, France, April-November 2009. Clinical Microbiology and Infection 16(4): 322-325, 2010

Effectiveness of 2008-09 trivalent influenza vaccine against 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) - United States, May-June 2009. Mmwr. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 58(44): 1241-1245, 2009

A case report of a patient in whom antibodies against the 2009 pandemic influenza A/H1N1 virus have been present since June 1999. Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics 9(5): 989-992, 2013

Decrease in number of genital chlamydia cases in Norrbotten, Sweden, October - November 2009: an indirect effect of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)?. Euro Surveillance 15(39): 19675, 2010

Prevalence of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus antibodies, Tampa Bay Florida--November-December, 2009. Plos one 6(12): E29301, 2011