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Interatrial pressure gradients during simulated obstructive sleep apnea: a catheter-based study

Interatrial pressure gradients during simulated obstructive sleep apnea: a catheter-based study

Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 84(7): 1138-1145

We set to measure the interatrial pressure gradient during simulated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OSA occurs when a sleeping patient attempts to inhale against an obstructed airway. How this event affects the interatrial pressure gradient has not been defined. We hypothesized that simulated OSA in a conscious subject (Mueller maneuver [MM], inspiration against obstruction) would promote increased right-to-left pressure gradient, and then the substrate for right-to-left atrial shunting. Selected patients underwent simultaneous measurement of airway and atrial pressures (both left and right atrium [LA, RA]) using high-fidelity micromanometry at rest, during MM, and during VM, during right heart catheterization. Ten patients (age 55 ± 11 years, two women) were successfully studied. During the onset of MM, RA pressure transiently but consistently exceeded LA pressure in response to the steep decline in intrathoracic pressure (maximum RA-LA pressure gradient increased from 0.1 ± 1.4 mm Hg at baseline to 7.0 ± 4.3 mm Hg during MM, P < 0.001). The maximum right-to-left atrial pressure gradient during Mueller maneuver was higher than that achieved during the Valsalva maneuver release (P < 0.007). The onset of MM increased right-to-left pressure gradient across the atrial septum, likely as a result of greater blood return to the RA from extrathoracic veins. The RA-LA pressure gradient achieved during MM was greater than that observed during VM. These findings delineate the hemodynamic substrate for right to left shunting during OSA.

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Accession: 053908654

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24677689

DOI: 10.1002/ccd.25433

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