Interdomain interactions support interdomain communication in human Pin1
Wilson, K.A.; Bouchard, J.J.; Peng, J.W.
Biochemistry 52(40): 6968-6981
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960 PMID: 24020391 DOI: 10.1021/bi401057x
Pin1 is an essential mitotic regulator consisting of a peptidyl-prolyl isomerase (PPIase) domain flexibly tethered to a smaller Trp-Trp (WW) binding domain. Communication between these domains is important for Pin1 in vivo activity; however, the atomic basis for this communication has remained elusive. Our previous nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies of Pin1 functional dynamics suggested that weak interdomain contacts within Pin1 enable allosteric communication between the domain interface and the distal active site of the PPIase domain.1,2 A necessary condition for this hypothesis is that the intrinsic properties of the PPIase domain should be sensitive to interdomain contact. Here, we test this sensitivity by generating a Pin1 mutant, I28A, which weakens the wild-type interdomain contact while maintaining the overall folds of the two domains. Using NMR, we show that I28A leads to altered substrate binding affinity and isomerase activity. Moreover, I28A causes long-range perturbations to conformational flexibility in both domains, for both the apo and substrate-complexed states of the protein. These results show that the distribution of conformations sampled by the PPIase domain is sensitive to interdomain contact and strengthen the hypothesis that such contact supports interdomain allosteric communication in Pin1. Other modular systems may exploit interdomain interactions in a similar manner.