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Interleukin-8 overexpression in astrocytomas is induced by prostaglandin E2 and is associated with the transcription factors CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-β and CCAAT/enhancer-binding homologous protein



Interleukin-8 overexpression in astrocytomas is induced by prostaglandin E2 and is associated with the transcription factors CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-β and CCAAT/enhancer-binding homologous protein



Neurosurgery 69(3): 713



The upregulation of microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1) and the overexpression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) have been separately linked to glioma malignancy. To evaluate (1) the correlation between the mRNA levels of IL-8, mPGES-1, and the main transcription factors (TFs) activating the IL-8 promoter in human brain tumors of different grades; (2) the role of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on IL-8 activation and the expression of these TFs in tumor-derived cells; and (3) the biological impact of PGE2 treatment and mPGES-1 silencing on IL-8 synthesis and tumorigenesis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, transfection experiments, and cell proliferation and apoptosis assays were performed. Regardless of histological grade, a significant positive association between IL-8 expression and mPGES-1, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-β (C/EBP-β) and C/EBP Homologous Protein (CHOP) mRNA levels was found only in astrogliomas (P < .001). The correlation was not significant in the other brain tumors. PGE2-treated astroglioma cells showed a marked upregulation of IL-8, C/EBP-β, and CHOP, as well as increased proliferation and decreased apoptosis compared with untreated cells. mPGES-1-silenced astroglioma cells displayed decreased IL-8 synthesis, accompanied by reduced cell growth and an increased rate of apoptosis. The other brain tumor cells were unaffected either by PGE2 treatment or by mPGES-1 knockout. (1) PGE2 is responsible for IL-8 overexpression, independently of the malignancy grade, in astrogliomas only. (2) C/EBP-β and CHOP may be involved in mediating PGE2-induced IL-8 activation in these tumors. (3) mPGES-1 inhibition may have potential as a form of adjuvant therapy for astrogliomas.

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Accession: 053916990

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PMID: 21471847

DOI: 10.1227/neu.0b013e31821954c6


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