+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Internal exposure, effect monitoring, and lung function in welders after acute short-term exposure to welding fumes from different welding processes

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 52(9): 887-892
Internal exposure, effect monitoring, and lung function in welders after acute short-term exposure to welding fumes from different welding processes
In this study, the effect of short-term exposure to welding fumes emitted by different welding techniques on workers was investigated. In a 3-fold crossover study, six welders used three different welding techniques for 3 hours. Before and after welding, blood and urine samples were collected to perform biomonitoring of metals. Breath condensate was collected to assess inflammatory reactions, and lung function measurements were performed. Welding led to a significant increase of chromium and nickel in blood and urine and of nitrate and nitrite in exhaled breath condensate. These increases were higher for manual metal arc welding with alloyed material (MAW-a). Several lung function parameters decreased after welding. This decrease was significantly higher after MAW-a. In respect to biological effects, MAW-a seems to be more important than other welding techniques.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Accession: 053919238

PMID: 20798644

DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181f09077

Related references

Occupational exposure to manganese-containing welding fumes and pulmonary function indices among natural gas transmission pipeline welders. Journal of Occupational Health 54(4): 316-322, 2013

Change in obstructive pulmonary function as a result of cumulative exposure to welding fumes as determined by magnetopneumography in Japanese arc welders. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 55(10): 673-677, 1999

Evolution of Welding-Fume Aerosols with Time and Distance from the Source: A study was conducted on the spatiotemporal variability in welding-fume concentrations for the characterization of first- and second-hand exposure to welding fumes. Welding Journal 95(Suppl): 280s-285s, 2016

Welders siderosis progressing to interstitial pulmonary fibrosis after on-going exposure to welding fumes. European Respiratory Journal Supplement 9(23): 220S, 1996

Inhalation exposure to welding fumes of arc welders in processing Cr-Ni steel in large chemical industry. Zeitschrift für die Gesamte Hygiene und Ihre Grenzgebiete 35(5): 271-275, 1989

Regression of pulmonary radiological changes in dockyard welders after cessation or decrease of exposure to welding fumes. Polish Medical Journal 6(3): 610-613, 1967

Cancer incidence among welders: possible effects of exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation (ELF) and to welding fumes. Environmental Health Perspectives 76: 221-229, 1987

Development of indigenous local exhaust ventilation system: reduction of welders exposure to welding fumes. Journal of Occupational Health 46(4): 323-328, 2004

Conditions for experimental welding during the exposure of guinea pigs to welding dust and fumes. Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis 14: 199-205, 1968

Do existing empirical models for welding fumes estimate exposure to ultrafine particles among canadian welding apprentices?. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 56(4): E9-E11, 2014