+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Risk-taking among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Africa



Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Risk-taking among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Africa



Western Journal of Emergency Medicine 12(3): 343-347



A growing body of literature suggests that men who have sex with men (MSM) represent a high risk group for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Africa, but are often overlooked in the development of HIV interventions and programming. Little attention has been paid to the presence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among MSM in African settings. This paper examines reporting of IPV among a sample of predominantly white, gay internet-recruited MSM in South Africa and examines associations between IPV and sexual risk-taking. Internet-using MSM were recruited through selective placement of banner advertisements on Facebook.com. Eligibility criteria were over 18-years-old, residence in South Africa and self-reporting of recent male-male sexual behavior. There were 777 eligible respondents, of which 521 MSM with complete data are included in the final analysis. Ninety percent of the sample reported a White/ European race, and 96% self-identified as gay. The prevalence of IPV, both experienced and perpetrated, was relatively high, with 8% of men reporting having experienced recent physical IPV and 4.5% of men reporting recent experiences of sexual IPV. Approximately 4.5% of MSM reported recently perpetrating physical IPV, while the reporting of perpetration of recent sexual IPV was much lower at 0.45%. Reporting of experiencing and perpetration of physical IPV was significantly associated with race, level of education and reporting recent unprotected anal sex. Reporting of experiencing recent sexual IPV was significantly associated with reported experiences of homophobia. There is a limited amount of data on IPV within same-sex relationships in South Africa, and the results presented here suggest that the prevalence of IPV within this White/European and gay population is cause for concern. Collection of IPV data through surveys administered via social networking sites is feasible and represents a way of reaching otherwise marginalized population groups in IPV research; although in this instance Black Africans and MSM who did not identify as gay were severely under-represented.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 053933788

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21731792


Related references

Intimate Partner Violence, Relationship Power Inequity and the Role of Sexual and Social Risk Factors in the Production of Violence among Young Women Who Have Multiple Sexual Partners in a Peri-Urban Setting in South Africa. Plos one 10(11): E0139430, 2015

Sexual risk, serostatus and intimate partner violence among couples during pregnancy in rural South Africa. Aids and Behavior 17(2): 508-516, 2013

HIV risk behaviours and their relationship to intimate partner violence (IPV) among men who have multiple female sexual partners in Cape Town, South Africa. Aids and Behavior 15(1): 132-141, 2011

Sexual relationships, intimate partner violence and STI partner notification in Cape Town, South Africa: an observational study. Sexually Transmitted Infections 94(2): 144-150, 2018

Intimate Partner Violence, Minority Stress, and Sexual Risk-Taking Among US MSM. Journal of Homosexuality 2013:, 2013

Intimate partner violence, minority stress, and sexual risk-taking among U.S. men who have sex with men. Journal of Homosexuality 61(2): 288-306, 2014

Psychological intimate partner violence and sexual risk behavior: examining the role of distinct posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in the partner violence-sexual risk link. Women's Health Issues 25(1): 73-78, 2015

Prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence victimization--national intimate partner and sexual violence survey, United States, 2011. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries 63(8): 1-18, 2014

Beliefs About Sexual Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among Adolescents in South Africa. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2018: 886260518756114, 2018

Intimate partner violence as a factor associated with risky sexual behaviours and alcohol misuse amongst men in South Africa. Aids Care 28(9): 1132-1137, 2016

Sexual and Physical Violence in Childhood Is Associated With Adult Intimate Partner Violence and Nonpartner Sexual Violence in a Representative Sample of Rural South African Men and Women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2019: 886260519827661, 2019

Gender differences in intimate partner violence on substance abuse, sexual risks, and depression among a sample of South Africans in Cape Town, South Africa. Aids Education and Prevention 20(1): 56-64, 2008

Sexual assault and other types of intimate partner violence in women with protection orders in Vhembe District, South Africa. Violence and Victims 29(5): 857-871, 2014

Sexual Assault and Other Types of Intimate Partner Violence in Women With Protection Orders in Vhembe District, South Africa. Violence and Victims 29(5): 857-871, 2014

Intimate partner violence: prevalence and risk factors for men in Cape Town, South Africa. Violence and Victims 21(2): 247-264, 2006