+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Intimate partner violence: relationships between alexithymia, depression, attachment styles, and coping strategies of battered women



Intimate partner violence: relationships between alexithymia, depression, attachment styles, and coping strategies of battered women



Journal of Sexual Medicine 11(6): 1484-1494



One of the most common forms of violence against women is the intimate partner violence (IPV). This term includes physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and controlling behaviors by an intimate partner. This exploratory study investigates the relationship between alexithymia, adult attachment styles, depression, and coping strategies in a group of female victims of IPV and a control group. Participants were 80 female victims of IPV with an age range from 18 years to 54 years (mean 31.62; standard deviation 9.81). The control group included 80 women with no history of IPV with an age range from 19 years to 37 years (mean 25.05; standard deviation 3.67). We administered the following self-report questionnaires: (i) 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20); (ii) Coping Orientation Problems Experienced; (iii) Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)-II; and (iv) Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ). Compared with control group, the IPV group showed higher mean scores on TAS-20 (52.9 vs. 41.1, P < 0.001) and BDI-II (19.50 vs. 9.95, P < 0.001). In both groups, we found significant correlations between BDI-II and TAS-20 total scores (P < 0.001) and between BDI-II and the following dimensions of ASQ: confidence (P < 0.001), discomfort with closeness (P = 0.002), relationships as secondary (P < 0.001), need for approval (P < 0.001), and preoccupation with relationships (P < 0.001). Differently from the control group, in the IPV group, social support correlated significantly and positively (P < 0.001) with the dimension preoccupation with relationships on ASQ, but not with the secure attachment style. In comparison to the control group, alexithymia, depressive symptoms, and an insecure attachment style were negatively correlated with the ability to cope with stress for women in the IPV group.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 053934129

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24621112

DOI: 10.1111/jsm.12505


Related references

Coping with Intimate Partner Violence: Battered Women's Use and Perceived Helpfulness of Emotion-Focused Coping Strategies. Journal of Aggression Maltreatment & Trauma 17(1): 23-41, 2008

Attachment styles, coping strategies, and romantic feelings among battered women in shelters. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 57(4): 425-444, 2013

A lifetime of intimate partner violence: coping strategies of older women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 21(5): 634-651, 2006

Prevalence of intimate partner violence among migrant and native women attending general practice and the association between intimate partner violence and depression. Family Practice 28(3): 267-271, 2011

Help-seeking and coping strategies for intimate partner violence in rural and urban women. Violence and Victims 21(2): 167-181, 2006

Intimate Partner Violence and Women's Mental Health: The Mediating Role of Coping Strategies Among Women Seeking Help From the Police. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2017: 886260517729402, 2017

Out of Africa: coping strategies of African immigrant women survivors of intimate partner violence. Health Care for Women International 31(4): 345-364, 2010

Adult attachment as a risk factor for intimate partner violence: the "mispairing" of partners' attachment styles. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 23(5): 616-634, 2008

Intimate Partner Violence and Associated Coping Strategies among Women in a Primary Care Clinic in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 3(3): 193-198, 2014

Coping styles used by sexual minority men who experience intimate partner violence. Journal of Clinical Nursing 25(23-24): 3687-3696, 2016

Sorry, We Have to Take You In: Black Battered Women Arrested for Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Aggression Maltreatment & Trauma 15(3-4): 95-121, 2007

Leave or stay? Battered women's decision after intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 23(10): 1465-1482, 2008

Attachment styles in adult intimate relationships: comparing women with bulimia nervosa symptoms, women with depression and women with no clinical symptoms. European Eating Disorders Review 13(4): 285-293, 2005

Relationships of depression to child and adult abuse and bodily pain among women who have experienced intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 22(4): 438-455, 2007

Adult Attachment Styles, Destructive Conflict Resolution, and the Experience of Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 34(2): 287-309, 2019