Section 54
Chapter 53,967

Investigation of a phantom for diffusion weighted imaging that controlled the apparent diffusion coefficient using gelatin and sucrose

Tamura, T.; Usui, S.; Akiyama, M.

Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi 65(11): 1485-1493


ISSN/ISBN: 0369-4305
PMID: 20019428
DOI: 10.6009/jjrt.65.1485
Accession: 053966711

When studying diffusion weighted imaging(DWI), it is important to create a phantom that has a reliably controlled diffusion coefficient. In this study, we investigated phantoms to control both the diffusion coefficient and the T2-value by changing the concentration of gelatin or sucrose and MnCl(2), respectively. The results showed that the diffusion coefficient decreased linearly with increases in the gelatin or sucrose concentration, and decreasing of their relaxation times was observed. By properly adjusting the MnCl(2) concentrations, we were able to equalize the T2-values between phantoms having different gelatin or sucrose concentrations. Temperature dependence of the diffusion coefficient was also revealed. This phantom can be made stable for a few months by adding a small amount of NaN(3) as an antiseptic agent, has a diffusion coefficient similar to that of neural tissue or clinical tumor, and is able to control the T2-value properly. We consider this phantom suitable for studying SE-type DWI and contributes to elucidation of this technique.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90