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Iron-limited condition modulates biofilm formation and interaction with human epithelial cells of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC)



Iron-limited condition modulates biofilm formation and interaction with human epithelial cells of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC)



Journal of Applied Microbiology 108(1): 246-255



The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of low iron availability on biofilm formation and adherence to HEp-2 cells of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) strains isolated from diarrhoea cases. The ability of EAEC to form biofilm on a plastic surface was evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively after 3 and 18 h of incubation of strains with or without the iron chelator 2,2-dipyridyl. When submitted to low iron conditions, prototype EAEC 042 strain showed a decrease in biofilm formation. Conversely, an increase in biofilm formation was observed for the clinical EAEC strains cultured in restricted iron condition. Moreover, the reduction of iron concentration inhibited the aggregative adherence to HEp-2 cells of all EAEC strains tested. However, all effects promoted by iron chelation were suppressed by thiourea. Low iron availability may modulate biofilm formation and adhesive properties of EAEC strains to HEp-2 cells. The data obtained in this study provide useful insights on the influence of low iron conditions possibly associated with redox stress on the pathogenesis of EAEC strains.

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Accession: 053985532

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19566716

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2009.04417.x


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