+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Is visual interpretation of coronary epicardial flow reliable in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary angioplasty? Insights from the angiographic substudy of the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial



Is visual interpretation of coronary epicardial flow reliable in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary angioplasty? Insights from the angiographic substudy of the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial



American Heart Journal 159(5): 899-904



Accurate estimation of coronary epicardial flow in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is crucial to evaluating the effect of therapy and predicting outcome. Whether operator bias exists in visual estimation of TIMI flow grade among patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains uncertain. Hence, we examined this issue in the angiographic substudy of the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial. TIMI flow grade of the infarct-related artery was assessed before and after PCI by visual estimation of local investigators (LI) and by an independent core laboratory (CL). We evaluated agreement between the CL and LI and the relationship between post-PCI TIMI flow grade and 90-day outcomes (mortality; death/congestive heart failure/shock). Of 922 patients with independent CL estimation of TIMI flow grade, there was moderate agreement in the pre-PCI assessment (kappa = 0.56) and poor agreement post-PCI (kappa = 0.36); moreover, these disparities were directionally different before versus after PCI. Disagreement between LI and CL occurred in 167 patients pre-PCI (19%) and in 123 (14%) patients post-PCI. LI TIMI grades consistently underestimated flow pre-PCI in 63% and overestimated flow post-PCI in 78% of patients relative to the CL. Core laboratory estimation of post-PCI TIMI flow grade provided better prediction of 90-day mortality and death/congestive heart failure/shock than that of LI. Significant quantitative and directional variation existed in TIMI flow grades assessed by LI versus a CL in nearly a fifth of the patients. Core laboratory interpretation post-PCI provides better prediction of clinical outcomes. These data deserve consideration when interpreting angiographic data from STEMI patients without CL estimation.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 054005083

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20435202

DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2010.02.028


Related references

Pexelizumab fails to inhibit assembly of the terminal complement complex in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Insight from a substudy of the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial. American Heart Journal 164(1): 43-51, 2012

Pexelizumab fails to inhibit assembly of the terminal complement complex in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Insight from a substudy of the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial. American Heart Journal 164(6): E19; Author Reply E21, 2012

Does silent myocardial infarction add prognostic value in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients without a history of prior myocardial infarction? Insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) Trial. American Heart Journal 160(4): 671-677, 2010

ST-segment recovery and outcome after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction: insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial. Circulation 118(13): 1335-1346, 2008

Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX AMI): a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study of pexelizumab in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. American Heart Journal 149(3): 402-407, 2005

Pexelizumab fails to inhibit assembly of the terminal complement complex in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention Insight from a substudy of the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardia. 2012

Aborted myocardial infarction after primary percutaneous coronary intervention: magnetic resonance imaging insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial. American Heart Journal 165(2): 226-233, 2013

Variations in practice and outcomes in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention in the United States and Canada: insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX AMI) trial. American Heart Journal 163(5): 797-803, 2012

Pexelizumab and infarct size in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary Intervention: a delayed enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance substudy from the APEX-AMI trial. Jacc. Cardiovascular Imaging 3(1): 52-60, 2010

Predicting chronic left ventricular dysfunction 90 days after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: An Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) Substudy. American Heart Journal 160(2): 272-278, 2010

Contribution of angiographic and electrocardiographic parameters of reperfusion to prediction of mortality and morbidity after acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction: Insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial. American Heart Journal 158(5): 755-760, 2009

Prognostic significance of blood markers of inflammation in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary angioplasty and effects of pexelizumab, a C5 inhibitor: a substudy of the COMMA trial. European Heart Journal 26(19): 1964-1970, 2005

A model for predicting mortality in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention: results from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial. Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions 3(5): 414-422, 2010

Outcome of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention during on- versus off-hours (a Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction [HORIZONS-AMI] trial substudy). American Journal of Cardiology 111(7): 946-954, 2013

Predictors of transfusion in acute myocardial infarction: Insights from APEX-AMI (Assessment of pexelizumab in acute myocardial infarction) trial. 2007