Section 55

EurekaMag Full Text Articles Chapter 54,092


Sinha, P.K.; Mandal, S.; Kundu, D. 2007: Leaching of lead and cadmium from glass dinnerware. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering 49(1): 58-61
Krgović, R.; Trifković, J.; Milojković-Opsenica, D.ša.; Manojlović, D.; Mutić, J. 2014: Leaching of major and minor elements during the transport and storage of coal ash obtained in power plant. Thescientificworldjournal 2014: 212506
Fuente-Cuesta, A.; Lopez-Anton, M.A.; Diaz-Somoano, M.; Zomeren, A.van.; Cieplik, M.; Martínez-Tarazona, M.R. 2013: Leaching of major and trace elements from paper-plastic gasification chars: an experimental and modelling study. Journal of Hazardous Materials 244-245: 70-76
Schmukat, A.; Duester, L.; Ecker, D.; Schmid, H.; Heil, C.; Heininger, P.; Ternes, T.A. 2012: Leaching of metal(loid)s from a construction material: influence of the particle size, specific surface area and ionic strength. Journal of Hazardous Materials 227-228: 257-264
Ghosh, I.; Guha, S.; Balasubramaniam, R.; Kumar, A.V.R. 2011: Leaching of metals from fresh and sintered red mud. Journal of Hazardous Materials 185(2-3): 662-668
Zarabi, M.; Jalali, M. 2012: Leaching of nitrogen and base cations from calcareous soil amended with organic residues. Environmental Technology 33(13-15): 1577-1588
Zarabi, M.; Jalali, M. 2012: Leaching of nitrogen from calcareous soils in western Iran: a soil leaching column study. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 184(12): 7607-7622
Aldana, M.; De Prado, R.; Martínez, M.J. 2011: Leaching of oxadyxil and tebuconazole in Colombian soil. Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences 76(4): 909-914
Bondarenko, S.; Gan, J.; Ernst, F.; Green, R.; Baird, J.; McCullough, M. 2012: Leaching of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in turfgrass soils during recycled water irrigation. Journal of Environmental Quality 41(4): 1268-1274
Biswas, B.K.; Inoue, K.; Harada, H.; Ohto, K.; Kawakita, H. 2009: Leaching of phosphorus from incinerated sewage sludge ash by means of acid extraction followed by adsorption on orange waste gel. Journal of Environmental Sciences 21(12): 1753-1760
Koelmans, A.A.; Besseling, E.; Foekema, E.M. 2014: Leaching of plastic additives to marine organisms. Environmental Pollution 187: 49-54
Jefimova, J.; Irha, N.; Reinik, J.; Kirso, U.; Steinnes, E. 2014: Leaching of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from oil shale processing waste deposit: a long-term field study. Science of the Total Environment 481: 605-610
Pergal, M.M.; Relić, D.; Tešić, Z.L.; Popović, A.R. 2014: Leaching of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from power plant lignite ash--influence of parameters important for environmental pollution. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 21(5): 3435-3442
Silva, L.F.O.; Izquierdo, M.; Querol, X.; Finkelman, R.B.; Oliveira, M.L.S.; Wollenschlager, M.; Towler, M.; Pérez-López, R.; Macias, F. 2011: Leaching of potential hazardous elements of coal cleaning rejects. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 175(1-4): 109-126
Zhu, X.; He, X.; Yang, J.; Gao, L.; Liu, J.; Yang, D.; Sun, X.; Zhang, W.; Wang, Q.; Kumar, R.V. 2013: Leaching of spent lead acid battery paste components by sodium citrate and acetic acid. Journal of Hazardous Materials 250-251: 387-396
Majuste, D.; Mansur, M.B. 2009: Leaching of the fine fraction of the argon oxygen decarburization with lance (AOD-L) sludge for the preferential removal of iron. Journal of Hazardous Materials 162(1): 356-364
Erythropel, H.C.; Maric, M.; Nicell, J.A.; Leask, R.L.; Yargeau, V. 2014: Leaching of the plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) from plastic containers and the question of human exposure. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 98(24): 9967-9981
Cessna, A.J.; Elliott, J.A.; Bailey, J. 2010: Leaching of three sulfonylurea herbicides during sprinkler irrigation. Journal of Environmental Quality 39(1): 365-374
Ostermann, A.; Siemens, J.; Welp, G.; Xue, Q.; Lin, X.; Liu, X.; Amelung, W. 2013: Leaching of veterinary antibiotics in calcareous Chinese croplands. Chemosphere 91(7): 928-934
Mellbo, P.; Sarenbo, S.; Stålnacke, O.; Claesson, T. 2008: Leaching of wood ash products aimed for spreading in forest floors--influence of method and L/S ratio. Waste Management 28(11): 2235-2244
Degaffe, F.S.; Turner, A. 2011: Leaching of zinc from tire wear particles under simulated estuarine conditions. Chemosphere 85(5): 738-743
Yan, X.-L.; Liao, X.-Y.; Chen, T.-B. 2009: Leaching potential of arsenic from Pteris vittata L. under field conditions. Science of the Total Environment 408(2): 425-430
Balint, R.; Nechifor, G.; Ajmone-Marsan, F. 2014: Leaching potential of metallic elements from contaminated soils under anoxia. Environmental Science. Processes and Impacts 16(2): 211-219
Solpuker, U.; Sheets, J.; Kim, Y.; Schwartz, F.W. 2014: Leaching potential of pervious concrete and immobilization of Cu, Pb and Zn using pervious concrete. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 161: 35-48
Langeron, J.; Sayen, S.ép.; Couderchet, M.; Guillon, E. 2014: Leaching potential of phenylurea herbicides in a calcareous soil: comparison of column elution and batch studies. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 21(7): 4906-4913
Woodard, K.R.; Liu, K.; White-Leech, U.R.; Sollenberger, L.E. 2013: Leaching potential of phosphorus from cattle excreta patches in the central highlands of Florida. Journal of Environmental Quality 42(3): 872-880
Pareuil, P.; Bordas, Fçois.; Joussein, E.; Bollinger, J-Claude. 2010: Leaching properties of Mn-slag from the pyrometallurgical recycling of alkaline batteries: standardized leaching tests and influence of operational parameters. Environmental Technology 31(14): 1565-1576
Moustakas, K.; Mavropoulos, A.; Katsou, E.; Haralambous, K.J.; Loizidou, M. 2012: Leaching properties of slag generated by a gasification/vitrification unit: the role of pH, particle size, contact time and cooling method used. Journal of Hazardous Materials 207-208: 44-50
Susset, B.; Grathwohl, P. 2011: Leaching standards for mineral recycling materials--a harmonized regulatory concept for the upcoming German Recycling Decree. Waste Management 31(2): 201-214
Zhang, Z.; Peng, J.; Srinivasakannan, C.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, L.; Fernández, Y.; Menéndez, J.A. 2010: Leaching zinc from spent catalyst: process optimization using response surface methodology. Journal of Hazardous Materials 176(1-3): 1113-1117
Vu, C.H.T.; Won, K. 2014: Leaching-resistant carrageenan-based colorimetric oxygen indicator films for intelligent food packaging. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62(29): 7263-7267
Brierley, C.L.; Murr, L.E. 1973: Leaching: use of a thermophilic and chemoautotrophic microbe. Science 179(4072): 488-490
Zhang, L.; Yao, Y.; Shan, J.; Li, H. 2011: Lead (II) ion detection in surface water with pM sensitivity using aza-crown-ether-modified silver nanoparticles via dynamic light scattering. Nanotechnology 22(27): 275504
Cui, Y.; Chen, X. 2011: Lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) bioaccessibility in various soils from south China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 177(1-4): 481-492
Sánchez-Marín, P.; Fortin, C.; Campbell, P.G.C. 2014: Lead (Pb) and copper (Cu) share a common uptake transporter in the unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology Biochemistry and Medicine 27(1): 173-181
Mitchell, R.G.; Spliethoff, H.M.; Ribaudo, L.N.; Lopp, D.M.; Shayler, H.A.; Marquez-Bravo, L.G.; Lambert, V.T.; Ferenz, G.S.; Russell-Anelli, J.M.; Stone, E.B.; McBride, M.B. 2014: Lead (Pb) and other metals in new York City community garden soils: factors influencing contaminant distributions. Environmental Pollution 187: 162-169
Burger, J.; Gochfeld, M.; Jeitner, C.; Donio, M.; Pittfield, T. 2012: Lead (Pb) in biota and perceptions of Pb exposure at a recently designated Superfund beach site in New Jersey. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part a 75(5): 272-287
Pareja-Carrera, J.; Mateo, R.; Rodríguez-Estival, J. 2014: Lead (Pb) in sheep exposed to mining pollution: implications for animal and human health. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 108: 210-216
Cheng, H.; Hu, Y. 2010: Lead (Pb) isotopic fingerprinting and its applications in lead pollution studies in China: a review. Environmental Pollution 158(5): 1134-1146
Mielke, H.W.; Laidlaw, M.A.S.; Gonzales, C. 2010: Lead (Pb) legacy from vehicle traffic in eight California urbanized areas: continuing influence of lead dust on children's health. Science of the Total Environment 408(19): 3965-3975
Ahmad, M.Sajid.Aqeel.; Ashraf, M.; Tabassam, Q.; Hussain, M.; Firdous, H. 2011: Lead (Pb)-induced regulation of growth, photosynthesis, and mineral nutrition in maize (Zea mays L.) plants at early growth stages. Biological Trace Element Research 144(1-3): 1229-1239
Masood, M.A.; Bazin, M.; Bunnage, M.E.; Calabrese, A.; Cox, M.; Fancy, S.-A.; Farrant, E.; Pearce, D.W.; Perez, M.; Hitzel, L.; Peakman, T. 2012: Lead Diversification 2: application to P38, gMTP and lead compounds. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 22(2): 1255-1262
Ali, A.M.; Felemban, N.; El-Bakary, M.A. 2018: Characterization of the 3Dimension optical, geometrical, and mechanical profiles of iPP fiber with necking deformation. Microscopy Research and Technique 81(7): 755-760
Netzley, R.E. 1937: Lead Encephalitis: Precipitated by Acute Infection. California and Western Medicine 46(5): 306-308
Nussey, A.M.; Drybrough-Smith, I. 1940: Lead Encephalopathy simulating Cerebral Tumoar. British Medical Journal 2(4159): 379-380
Pottier, G.ér.; Viau, M.; Ricoul, M.; Shim, G.; Bellamy, M.; Cuceu, C.; Hempel, W.M.; Sabatier, L. 2013: Lead Exposure Induces Telomere Instability in Human Cells. Plos one 8(6): E67501
Waldrop, J.; Chase, S. 2014: Lead Faculty Workload Model: recognizing equity and leadership in faculty. Nurse Educator 39(2): 96-101
Novikov, F.N.; Stroylov, V.S.; Zeifman, A.A.; Stroganov, O.V.; Kulkov, V.; Chilov, G.G. 2012: Lead Finder docking and virtual screening evaluation with Astex and DUD test sets. Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design 26(6): 725-735
Fernández, F.S.; Alvarez Vega, M.A.; Antuña Ramos, A.; Fernández González, F.; Lozano Aragoneses, B. 2010: Lead Fractures in Deep Brain Stimulation during Long-Term Follow-Up. Parkinson's Disease 2010: 409356
Howard, C.D. 1923: Lead in Drinking Water. American Journal of Public Health 13(3): 207-209
Anonymous 1926: Lead in Glazed and Enameled Cooking Utensils. American Journal of Public Health 16(9): 921-922
Anonymous 1934: Lead in the Human Body: a Review of the Situation. British medical journal 1(3825): 766-767
Anonymous 1916: Lead in "akoz.". California state journal of medicine 14(12): 495
Falconer, E.H. 1931: Lead Intoxication. California and Western Medicine 34(4): 250-254
Kumar, V.; Tripathi, V.K.; Jahan, S.; Agrawal, M.; Pandey, A.; Khanna, V.K.; Pant, A.B. 2015: Lead Intoxication Synergies of the Ethanol-Induced Toxic Responses in Neuronal Cells--PC12. Molecular Neurobiology 52(3): 1504-1520
Chow, T.J.; Johnstone, M.S. 1965: Lead Isotopes in Gasoline and Aerosols of Los Angeles Basin, California. Science 147(3657): 502-503
Cheng, K-C.; Korfmacher, W.A.; White, R.E.; Njoroge, F.George. 2007: Lead Optimization in Discovery Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics/Case study: The Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Protease Inhibitor SCH 503034. Perspectives in Medicinal Chemistry 1: 1-9
Takeo, M.; Yamamoto, K.; Sonoyama, M.; Miyanaga, K.; Kanbara, N.; Honda, K.; Kato, D.-I.; Negoro, S. 2018: Characterization of the 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol degradation pathway and genes of Pseudomonas sp. strain TSN1. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 126(3): 355-362
Quam, G.N.; Klein, A. 1936: Lead Pipes as a Source of Lead in Drinking Water. American Journal of Public Health and the Nation's Health 26(8): 778-780
Lewis, D.R. 1932: Lead Poisoning as a Cause of Peptic Ulcer. British Medical Journal 1(3708): 185-186
Roberts, G.A. 1906: Lead Poisoning from Electrolysis of Water Pipes. British Medical Journal 1(2351): 139-140
Anonymous 1925: Lead Poisoning from Ethyl Gasoline. California and western medicine 23(3): 326-328
Wilcox, L.D. 1939: Lead Poisoning from "canned Heat". Canadian Medical Association Journal 40(5): 479-480
Pedley, F.G.; Ward, R.V. 1931: Lead Poisoning in Brass and Bronze Foundries. Canadian Medical Association Journal 25(3): 299-303
H E M 1930: Lead Poisoning in Queensland. Canadian Medical Association Journal 22(5): 691
Rutherfurd, W.J. 1934: Lead Poisoning in the first Century. British Journal of Ophthalmology 18(1): 36-38.2
Hamilton, A. 1914: Lead Poisoning in the United States. American Journal of Public Health 4(6): 477-480
Anonymous 1904: Lead Poisoning and Water Supplies. British Medical Journal 1(2253): 571
Weston, R.S. 1900: Service Pipes for Water Supplies which Corrode Lead and other Metals. JOURNAL. Massachusetts Association of Boards of Health 10(3): 73-81
Reeves, J.E. 1964: Lead Poisoning in Calves. Canadian Veterinary Journal 5(10): 278
Anonymous 1952: Lead Poisoning in Childhood. Canadian Medical Association Journal 66(1): 73
Dorhance, F.S. 1955: A Loose-Leaf Therapeutic File. Canadian Medical Association Journal 72(8): 617
Purdy, J.G. 1962: Lead Poisoning in Mink. Canadian Veterinary Journal 3(3): 96
Wickware, A.B. 1940: Lead Poisoning in Wild Ducks. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine and Veterinary Science 4(7): 201-203
Findlay, L. 1935: Lead Poisoning in the Infant and Young Child. Postgraduate Medical Journal 11(117): 251-255
Anonymous 1898: Lead Poisoning in the Potteries. British Medical Journal 2(1960): 245-246
McCord, C.P.; Minster, D.K.; Kehoe, R. 1929: Lead Poisoning in the United States : Report of the Committee. American Journal of Public Health and the Nation's Health 19(6): 631-634
Mitchell, C.A. 1940: Lead Poisoning of Dog. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine and Veterinary Science 4(6): 170-174
Petterson, T.; McLaren, J.; McGouran, D. 2010: Lead Poisoning presenting as acute severe myalgia: Why was the diagnosis delayed and what lessons can we learn as acute physicians?. Acute Medicine 9(1): 24-26
Tsou, Y-An.; Huang, H-Jin.; Lin, W.Wen-Yang.; Chen, C.Yu-Chian. 2014: Lead Screening for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease of IKK2 Inhibited by Traditional Chinese Medicine. Evidence-BasedComplementaryandAlternativeMedicine:Ecam 2014: 465025
Hung, T-Chieh.; Chen, K-Bao.; Huang, H-Jin.; Chen, C.Yu-Chian. 2014: Lead Screening for HIV of C-C Chemokine Receptor Type 5 Receptor Inhibited by Traditional Chinese Medicine. Evidence-BasedComplementaryandAlternativeMedicine:Ecam 2014: 313094
Czaplicka, M.; Buzek, L. 2011: Lead Speciation in the Dusts Emitted from Non-Ferrous Metallurgy Processes. Water Air and Soil Pollution 218(1-4): 157-163
Aub, J.C.; Reznikoff, P.; Smith, D.E. 1924: Lead Studies : Iii. the effects of Lead on Red Blood Cells. Part 1. Changes in Hemolysis. Journal of Experimental Medicine 40(2): 151-172
Aub, J.C.; Reznikoff, P.; Smith, D.E. 1924: Lead Studies : Iii. the effects of Lead on Red Blood Cells. Part 2. Surface Phenomena and their Physiological Explanation. Journal of Experimental Medicine 40(2): 173-187
Aub, J.C.; Reznikoff, P. 1924: Lead Studies : Iii. the effects of Lead on Red Blood Cells. Part 3. a Chemical Explanation of the Reaction of Lead with Red Blood cells. Journal of Experimental Medicine 40(2): 189-208
Heaney, F.J. 1928: Results of a Series of Gastric and Duodenal Operations. British Medical Journal 1(3520): 1055-1058
Anonymous 1930: Lead Tetra-Ethyl in Motor Spirit: Departmental Committee's Final Report. British medical journal 1(3614): 712
Anonymous 1928: Lead Tetra-Ethyl in Motor Spirit: Interim Report of the Committee of Inquiry. British medical journal 2(3526): 219-220
Suenari, K.; Lin, Y.-J.; Chang, S.-L.; Lo, L.-W.; Hu, Y.-F.; Chen, S.-A. 2010: Lead aVL P-wave polarity: insight from mapping and ablation of atrial arrhythmia initiated from superior vena cava. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: Pace 33(10): E100-E101
Hassen, G.W.; Talebi, S.; Fernaine, G.; Kalantari, H. 2014: Lead aVL on electrocardiogram: emerging as important lead in early diagnosis of myocardial infarction?. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 32(7): 785-788
Ali, R.G.; Chrissoheris, M.P. 2008: Lead aVR ST-segment elevation in acute proximal aortic dissection. Connecticut Medicine 72(1): 19-20
Chenniappan, M.; Sankar, R.U.; Saravanan, K.; Karthikeyan 2013: Lead aVR--the neglected lead. Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 61(9): 650-654
Singh, B.; Ali, A.; Singla, V.; Gowda, S.K. 2014: Lead aVR: beyond 'No man's land'. BMJ Case Reports
Vorobiof, G.; Ellestad, M.H. 2011: Lead aVR: dead or simply forgotten?. JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging 4(2): 187-190
Feng, L.; Zhang, L.-Z.; Zhuang, P.; Hou, J.-L.; Zhang, T.; Liu, J.; Feng, G.-P. 2010: Lead accumulation and elimination in juvenile Acipenser sinensis tissues. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 21(2): 476-482
Łuszczek-Trojnar, E.; Drąg-Kozak, E.; Popek, W.ło. 2013: Lead accumulation and elimination in tissues of Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782), after long-term dietary exposure, and depuration periods. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 20(5): 3122-3132
Ribeiro, A.M.; Risso, W.E.; Fernandes, M.N.; Martinez, C.B.R. 2014: Lead accumulation and its effects on the branchial physiology of Prochilodus lineatus. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 40(3): 645-657
Zou, T.; Li, T.; Zhang, X.; Yu, H.; Luo, H. 2011: Lead accumulation and tolerance characteristics of Athyrium wardii (Hook.) as a potential phytostabilizer. Journal of Hazardous Materials 186(1): 683-689
Yuki, K.; Dogru, M.; Imamura, Y.; Kimura, I.; Ohtake, Y.; Tsubota, K. 2009: Lead accumulation as possible risk factor for primary open-angle glaucoma. Biological Trace Element Research 132(1-3): 1-8
Liu, W.; Zhou, Q.; Zhang, Y.; Wei, S. 2010: Lead accumulation in different Chinese cabbage cultivars and screening for pollution-safe cultivars. Journal of Environmental Management 91(3): 781-788
Souid, G.; Souayed, N.; Yaktiti, F.; Maaroufi, K. 2015: Lead accumulation pattern and molecular biomarkers of oxidative stress in seabream (Sparus aurata) under short-term metal treatment. Drug and Chemical Toxicology 38(1): 98-105
Mahdavi, A.; Khermandar, K.; Asbchin, S.Ahmady.; Tabaraki, R. 2014: Lead accumulation potential in Acacia victoria. International Journal of Phytoremediation 16(6): 582-592
Zhang, W.; Chen, L.; Liu, K.; Chen, L.; Lin, K.; Guo, J.; Liu, L.; Cui, C.; Yan, Z. 2014: Lead accumulations and toxic effects in earthworms (Eisenia fetida) in the presence of decabromodiphenyl ether. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 21(5): 3484-3490
Castañeda-Partida, L.; Heres-Pulido, M.E.; Guzmán-Rincón, J.; Hernández-Portilla, L.B.; Dueñas-García, I.E.; Durán-Díaz, A.; Delfín-Alcalá, I. 2011: Lead acetate does not inhibit dimethylnitrosamine activation and interacts with phenobarbital which is genotoxic in the ST cross of the Drosophila wing spot test. Food and Chemical Toxicology: An International Journal Published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 49(9): 2172-2179
Gupta, N.; Fahim, M. 2007: Lead acetate induced contraction in rat tracheal smooth muscle is independent of epithelium. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 51(1): 49-54
Anjum, M.R.; Sainath, S.B.; Suneetha, Y.; Reddy, P.S. 2011: Lead acetate induced reproductive and paternal mediated developmental toxicity in rats. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 74(4): 793-799
Wang, C-Yu.; Wang, Y-Ting.; Tzeng, D-Wan.; Yang, J-Ling. 2009: Lead acetate induces EGFR activation upstream of SFK and PKCalpha linkage to the Ras/Raf-1/ERK signaling. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 235(2): 244-252
Senbel, A.M.; Helmy, M.M. 2013: Lead acetate may cause erectile dysfunction by modulating NO/cGMP pathway in rat corpus cavernosum. Cell Biology and Toxicology 29(5): 355-364
Sun, X.; Xie, Y.; Wu, L.; Zhu, W.; Hu, J.; Lu, R.; Xu, W. 2012: Lead acetate reduces the ability of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells to support hematopoiesis in vitro. Molecular Medicine Reports 6(4): 827-832
Yin, H.; Feng, X.-H.; Qiu, G.-H.; Tan, W.-F.; Liu, F. 2011: Lead adsorption and arsenite oxidation by cobalt doped birnessite. Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue 32(7): 2092-2101
Yang, Z-Ping.; Chen, P.; Wang, Z-Yu.; Hu, R.; Jing, D-Jun.; Huang, Q-Ming. 2012: Lead adsorption by Trametes gallica, Bacillus cereus, and their co-immobilized biomaterial. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 23(8): 2212-2218
Xu, J.; Bao, J.-Q.; Yu, M.-G.; Chen, Y.-X. 2014: Lead adsorption by the root cell wall of tea plant. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 25(2): 427-432
Liu, J.; Han, D.; Li, Y.; Zheng, L.; Gu, C.; Piao, Z.; Au, W.W.; Xu, X.; Huo, X. 2010: Lead affects apoptosis and related gene XIAP and Smac expression in the hippocampus of developing rats. Neurochemical Research 35(3): 473-479
Margalida, A.; Arlettaz, Rël.; Donázar, Jé.A. 2013: Lead ammunition and illegal poisoning: further international agreements are needed to preserve vultures and the crucial sanitary service they provide. Environmental Science and Technology 47(11): 5522-5523
Grootendorst, D.C.; Elliott, E.G.; Michels, W.M.; Gansevoort, R.T.; Halbesma, N. 2013: Lead and CKD. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 28(8): E7
Eubig, P.A.; Aguiar, A.éa.; Schantz, S.L. 2010: Lead and PCBs as risk factors for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Environmental Health Perspectives 118(12): 1654-1667
Tsuchida, J.E.; Schneider, J.; Pizani, P.S.; Oliveira, S.L. 2008: Lead and aluminum bonding in Pb-Ai metaphosphate glasses. Inorganic Chemistry 47(2): 690-698
Ronco, A.M.; Gutierrez, Y.; Gras, N.; Muñoz, L.; Salazar, G.; Llanos, M.N. 2010: Lead and arsenic levels in women with different body mass composition. Biological Trace Element Research 136(3): 269-278
Bushnik, T.; Haines, D.; Levallois, P.; Levesque, J.; Van Oostdam, J.; Viau, C. 2010: Lead and bisphenol a concentrations in the Canadian population. Health Reports 21(3): 7-18
Pandya, C.D.; Pillai, P.P.; Gupta, S.S. 2010: Lead and cadmium co-exposure mediated toxic insults on hepatic steroid metabolism and antioxidant system of adult male rats. Biological Trace Element Research 134(3): 307-317
Kim, J.; Oh, J.-M. 2014: Lead and cadmium contaminations in feathers of heron and egret chicks. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 186(4): 2321-2327
Kim, W.; Lee, K-Geun. 2013: Lead and cadmium in functional health foods and Korean herbal medicines. Food Additives and Contaminants. Part B Surveillance 6(2): 146-149
Petkovšek, S.A.S.; Pokorny, B.št. 2013: Lead and cadmium in mushrooms from the vicinity of two large emission sources in Slovenia. Science of the Total Environment 443: 944-954
Orisakwe, O.E. 2014: Lead and cadmium in public health in Nigeria: physicians neglect and pitfall in patient management. North American Journal of Medical Sciences 6(2): 61-70
Bilandzić, N.; Sedak, M.; Vratarić, D.; Perić, T.; Simić, B. 2009: Lead and cadmium in red deer and wild boar from different hunting grounds in Croatia. Science of the Total Environment 407(14): 4243-4247
Summers, C.F.; Bowerman, W.W.; Parsons, N.; Chao, W.Y.; Bridges, W.C. 2014: Lead and cadmium in the blood of nine species of seabirds, Marion Island, South Africa. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 93(4): 417-422
Liu, N.; Lin, Z.-F.; Lin, G.-Z.; Song, L.-Y.; Chen, S.-W.; Mo, H.; Peng, C.-L. 2010: Lead and cadmium induced alterations of cellular functions in leaves of Alocasia macrorrhiza L. Schott. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 73(6): 1238-1245
Min, K-Bok.; Lee, K-Jong.; Park, J-Beom.; Min, J-Young. 2012: Lead and cadmium levels and balance and vestibular dysfunction among adult participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004. Environmental health perspectives 120(3): 413-417
Adetunji, V.O.; Famakin, I.O.; Chen, J. 2014: Lead and cadmium levels in cattle muscle and edible tissues collected from a slaughter slab in Nigeria. Food Additives and Contaminants. Part B Surveillance 7(2): 79-83
Orisakwe, O.E.; Nduka, J.K. 2009: Lead and cadmium levels of commonly administered pediatric syrups in Nigeria: a public health concern?. Science of the Total Environment 407(23): 5993-5996
Feng, J.-F.; Wu, Y.-N.; Li, Y.; Wang, W.; Xie, W.-Y.; Liu, J. 2007: Lead and cadmium pollution in edible fungus sold in Beijing. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 41(6): 458-460
Gu, C.; Chen, S.; Xu, X.; Zheng, L.; Li, Y.; Wu, K.; Liu, J.; Qi, Z.; Han, D.; Chen, G.; Huo, X. 2009: Lead and cadmium synergistically enhance the expression of divalent metal transporter 1 protein in central nervous system of developing rats. Neurochemical Research 34(6): 1150-1156
Brodziak-Dopierała, B.; Kowol, J.; Kwapuliński, J.; Kusz, D.; Cieliński, Łu. 2011: Lead and calcium content in the human hip joint. Biological Trace Element Research 144(1-3): 6-16
Revich, B.A.; Sharov, P.O.; Sergeev, O.V. 2011: Lead and children's health: results of some Russian studies in 2000-2009. Gigiena i sanitariia 2011(6): 12-16
Abelsohn, A.R.; Sanborn, M. 2010: Lead and children: clinical management for family physicians. Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien 56(6): 531-535
Krieg, E.F.; Butler, M.Ann.; Chang, M-huei.; Liu, T.; Yesupriya, A.; Lindegren, M.Lou.; Dowling, N. 2009: Lead and cognitive function in ALAD genotypes in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Neurotoxicology and Teratology 31(6): 364-371
Krieg, E.F.; Butler, M.Ann.; Chang, M-Huei.; Liu, T.; Yesupriya, A.; Dowling, N.; Lindegren, M.Lou. 2010: Lead and cognitive function in VDR genotypes in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Neurotoxicology and Teratology 32(2): 262-272
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Bannon, D.I.; Parsons, P.J.; Centeno, J.A.; Lal, S.; Xu, H.; Rosencrance, A.B.; Dennis, W.E.; Johnson, M.S. 2011: Lead and copper in pigeons (Columbia livia) exposed to a small arms-range soil. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 60(2): 351-360
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Epstein, O.; Bryan, M.C.; Cheng, A.C.; Derakhchan, K.; Dineen, T.A.; Hickman, D.; Hua, Z.; Human, J.B.; Kreiman, C.; Marx, I.E.; Weiss, M.M.; Wahl, R.C.; Wen, P.H.; Whittington, D.A.; Wood, S.; Zheng, X.M.; Fremeau, R.T.; White, R.D.; Patel, V.F. 2014: Lead optimization and modulation of hERG activity in a series of aminooxazoline xanthene β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme (BACE1) inhibitors. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 57(23): 9796-9810
Jessop, T.C.; Tarver, J.E.; Carlsen, M.; Xu, A.; Healy, J.P.; Heim-Riether, A.; Fu, Q.; Taylor, J.A.; Augeri, D.J.; Shen, M.; Stouch, T.R.; Swanson, R.V.; Tari, L.W.; Hunter, M.; Hoffman, I.; Keyes, P.E.; Yu, X.-C.; Miranda, M.; Liu, Q.; Swaffield, J.C.; David Kimball, S.; Nouraldeen, A.; Wilson, A.G.E.; Foushee, A.M.D.; Jhaver, K.; Finch, R.; Anderson, S.; Oravecz, T.; Carson, K.G. 2009: Lead optimization and structure-based design of potent and bioavailable deoxycytidine kinase inhibitors. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 19(23): 6784-6787
Murugesan, V.; Tiwari, V.S.; Saxena, R.; Tripathi, R.; Paranjape, R.; Kulkarni, S.; Makwana, N.; Suryawanshi, R.; Katti, S.B. 2011: Lead optimization at C-2 and N-3 positions of thiazolidin-4-ones as HIV-1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 19(22): 6919-6926
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Shirude, P.S.; Shandil, R.K.; Manjunatha, M.R.; Sadler, C.; Panda, M.; Panduga, V.; Reddy, J.; Saralaya, R.; Nanduri, R.; Ambady, A.; Ravishankar, S.; Sambandamurthy, V.K.; Humnabadkar, V.; Jena, L.K.; Suresh, R.S.; Srivastava, A.; Prabhakar, K.R.; Whiteaker, J.; McLaughlin, R.E.; Sharma, S.; Cooper, C.B.; Mdluli, K.; Butler, S.; Iyer, P.S.; Narayanan, S.; Chatterji, M. 2014: Lead optimization of 1,4-azaindoles as antimycobacterial agents. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 57(13): 5728-5737
Henn, C.; Einspanier, A.; Marchais-Oberwinkler, S.; Frotscher, M.; Hartmann, R.W. 2012: Lead optimization of 17β-HSD1 inhibitors of the (hydroxyphenyl)naphthol sulfonamide type for the treatment of endometriosis. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 55(7): 3307-3318
Ravula, S.B.; Yu, J.; Tran, J.A.; Arellano, M.; Tucci, F.C.; Moree, W.J.; Li, B.-F.; Petroski, R.E.; Wen, J.; Malany, S.; Hoare, S.R.J.; Madan, A.; Crowe, P.D.; Beaton, G. 2012: Lead optimization of 2-(piperidin-3-yl)-1H-benzimidazoles: identification of 2-morpholin- and 2-thiomorpholin-2-yl-1H-benzimidazoles as selective and CNS penetrating H₁-antihistamines for insomnia. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 22(1): 421-426
Zhang, Y.; Clark, J.A.; Connelly, M.C.; Zhu, F.; Min, J.; Guiguemde, W.A.; Pradhan, A.; Iyer, L.; Furimsky, A.; Gow, J.; Parman, T.; El Mazouni, F.; Phillips, M.A.; Kyle, D.E.; Mirsalis, J.; Guy, R.K. 2012: Lead optimization of 3-carboxyl-4(1H)-quinolones to deliver orally bioavailable antimalarials. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 55(9): 4205-4219
Close, J.; Heidebrecht, R.; Hendrix, J.; Li, C.; Munoz, B.; Surdi, L.; Kattar, S.; Tempest, P.; Moses, P.; Geng, X.; Hughes, B.; Smotrov, N.; Moxham, C.; Chapnick, J.; Kariv, I.; Nikov, G.; Burke, J.E.; Deshmukh, S.; Jeliazkova-Mecheva, V.; Leach, J.K.; Diaz, D.; Xu, L.; Yang, Z.; Kwei, G.; Moy, L.; Shah, S.; Tanga, F.; Kenefic, C.; Savage, D.; Shearman, M.; Ball, R.G.; McNevin, M.J.; Markarewicz, A.; Miller, T. 2012: Lead optimization of 4,4-biaryl piperidine amides as γ-secretase inhibitors. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 22(9): 3203-3207
Zhang, X.; Tellew, J.E.; Luo, Z.; Moorjani, M.; Lin, E.; Lanier, M.C.; Chen, Y.; Williams, J.P.; Saunders, J.; Lechner, S.M.; Markison, S.; Joswig, T.; Petroski, R.; Piercey, J.; Kargo, W.; Malany, S.; Santos, M.; Gross, R.S.; Wen, J.; Jalali, K.; O'Brien, Z.; Stotz, C.E.; Crespo, M.ía.I.; Díaz, J.é-L.; Slee, D.H. 2008: Lead optimization of 4-acetylamino-2-(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-6-pyridylpyrimidines as A2A adenosine receptor antagonists for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 51(22): 7099-7110
Yahiaoui, S.; Pouget, C.; Buxeraud, J.; Chulia, A.J.é; Fagnère, C. 2011: Lead optimization of 4-imidazolylflavans: new promising aromatase inhibitors. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 46(6): 2541-2545
Nakamura, Y.; Fujimoto, T.; Ogawa, Y.; Namiki, H.; Suzuki, S.; Asano, M.; Sugita, C.; Mochizuki, A.; Miyazaki, S.; Tamaki, K.; Nagai, Y.; Inoue, S-ichi.; Nagayama, T.; Kato, M.; Chiba, K.; Takasuna, K.; Nishi, T. 2013: Lead optimization of 5-amino-6-(2,2-dimethyl-5-oxo-4-phenylpiperazin-1-yl)-4-hydroxyhexanamides to reduce a cardiac safety issue: discovery of DS-8108b, an orally active renin inhibitor. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 21(11): 3175-3196
Su, B.; Chen, S. 2009: Lead optimization of COX-2 inhibitor nimesulide analogs to overcome aromatase inhibitor resistance in breast cancer cells. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 19(23): 6733-6735
Zhong, B.; Lama, R.; Ketchart, W.; Montano, M.M.; Su, B. 2014: Lead optimization of HMBA to develop potent HEXIM1 inducers. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 24(5): 1410-1413
Dehnhardt, C.M.; Venkatesan, A.M.; Delos Santos, E.; Chen, Z.; Santos, O.; Ayral-Kaloustian, S.; Brooijmans, N.; Mallon, R.; Hollander, I.; Feldberg, L.; Lucas, J.; Chaudhary, I.; Yu, K.; Gibbons, J.; Abraham, R.; Mansour, T.S. 2010: Lead optimization of N-3-substituted 7-morpholinotriazolopyrimidines as dual phosphoinositide 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors: discovery of PKI-402. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 53(2): 798-810
Carotenuto, A.; Auriemma, L.; Merlino, F.; Yousif, A.Munaim.; Marasco, D.; Limatola, A.; Campiglia, P.; Gomez-Monterrey, I.; Santicioli, P.; Meini, S.; Maggi, C.A.; Novellino, E.; Grieco, P. 2014: Lead optimization of P5U and urantide: discovery of novel potent ligands at the urotensin-II receptor. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 57(14): 5965-5974
Kawada, H.; Ebiike, H.; Tsukazaki, M.; Nakamura, M.; Morikami, K.; Yoshinari, K.; Yoshida, M.; Ogawa, K.; Shimma, N.; Tsukuda, T.; Ohwada, J. 2013: Lead optimization of a dihydropyrrolopyrimidine inhibitor against phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) to improve the phenol glucuronic acid conjugation. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 23(3): 673-678
Kang, S.; Kim, R.Y.; Seo, M.J.; Lee, S.; Kim, Y.M.; Seo, M.; Seo, J.J.; Ko, Y.; Choi, I.; Jang, J.; Nam, J.; Park, S.; Kang, H.; Kim, H.J.; Kim, J.; Ahn, S.; Pethe, K.; Nam, K.; No, Z.; Kim, J. 2014: Lead optimization of a novel series of imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine amides leading to a clinical candidate (Q203) as a multi- and extensively-drug-resistant anti-tuberculosis agent. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 57(12): 5293-5305
Brand, S.; Norcross, N.R.; Thompson, S.; Harrison, J.R.; Smith, V.C.; Robinson, D.A.; Torrie, L.S.; McElroy, S.P.; Hallyburton, I.; Norval, S.; Scullion, P.; Stojanovski, L.; Simeons, F.R.C.; van Aalten, D.; Frearson, J.A.; Brenk, R.; Fairlamb, A.H.; Ferguson, M.A.J.; Wyatt, P.G.; Gilbert, I.H.; Read, K.D. 2014: Lead optimization of a pyrazole sulfonamide series of Trypanosoma brucei N-myristoyltransferase inhibitors: identification and evaluation of CNS penetrant compounds as potential treatments for stage 2 human African trypanosomiasis. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 57(23): 9855-9869
Ting, P.C.; Lee, J.F.; Zorn, N.; Kim, H.M.; Aslanian, R.G.; Lin, M.; Smith, M.; Walker, S.S.; Cook, J.; Van Heek, M.; Lachowicz, J. 2013: Lead optimization of a pyridine-carboxamide series as DGAT-1 inhibitors. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 23(4): 985-988
Zych, A.J.; Lam, S.Q.; Jenkins, D.M.; Herr, R.J.; Ting, P.C.; Lee, J.F.; Kuang, R.; Wu, H.; Kim, D.W.; Aslanian, R.G.; Wainhaus, S.; Black, T.A.; Cacciapuoti, A.; McNicholas, P.M.; Xu, Y.; Walker, S.S. 2012: Lead optimization of a sulfonylurea-based piperazine pyridazinone series of glucan synthase inhibitors. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 22(14): 4896-4899
Burgeson, J.R.; Gharaibeh, D.N.; Moore, A.L.; Larson, R.A.; Amberg, S.M.; Bolken, T.' C.; Hruby, D.E.; Dai, D. 2013: Lead optimization of an acylhydrazone scaffold possessing antiviral activity against Lassa virus. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 23(21): 5840-5843
Lowes, D.; Pradhan, A.; Iyer, L.V.; Parman, T.; Gow, J.; Zhu, F.; Furimsky, A.; Lemoff, A.; Guiguemde, W.A.; Sigal, M.; Clark, J.A.; Wilson, E.; Tang, L.; Connelly, M.C.; Derisi, J.L.; Kyle, D.E.; Mirsalis, J.; Guy, R.K. 2012: Lead optimization of antimalarial propafenone analogues. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 55(13): 6087-6093
Gujjar, R.; El Mazouni, F.; White, K.L.; White, J.; Creason, S.; Shackleford, D.M.; Deng, X.; Charman, W.N.; Bathurst, I.; Burrows, J.; Floyd, D.M.; Matthews, D.; Buckner, F.S.; Charman, S.A.; Phillips, M.A.; Rathod, P.K. 2011: Lead optimization of aryl and aralkyl amine-based triazolopyrimidine inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum dihydroorotate dehydrogenase with antimalarial activity in mice. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 54(11): 3935-3949
Zeng, Z-Sen.; Liang, Y-Hong.; Feng, X-Qing.; Chen, F-Er.; Pannecouque, C.; Balzarini, J.; De Clercq, E. 2010: Lead optimization of diarylpyrimidines as non-nucleoside inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. Chemmedchem 5(6): 837-840
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