Lead acetate induced contraction in rat tracheal smooth muscle is independent of epithelium

Gupta, N.; Fahim, M.

Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 51(1): 49-54

2007


ISSN/ISBN: 0019-5499
PMID: 17877292
Accession: 054091106

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Abstract
Airways are the primary target of lead exposure from atmospheric pollution, its effect on airway smooth muscle and their responsiveness to bronchoactive agents is not clearly understood. In the present investigation the effect of lead on the isolated airway smooth muscle activity was studied in organ bath set-up. Further the involvement of airway epithelium was examined and the responsiveness of airway smooth muscle to adenosine, acetylcholine (bronchoconstrictors) and isoproterenol (bronchodilator) was also investigated. Lead in concentration of 10(-12) M to 10(-4) M produced concentration-dependant contractile response in rat tracheal rings. Acetylcholine and adenosine induced concentration-dependent contractile response was slightly inhibited after lead exposure. The relaxant response to isoproterenol was also inhibited in lead exposed tissues. Epithelium removal did not significantly change the contractile response to lead suggesting that the lead induced contraction of airway smooth muscle is epithelium independent.