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Chemical properties of commercially available honey species and the functional properties of caramelization and Maillard reaction products derived from these honey species

Chemical properties of commercially available honey species and the functional properties of caramelization and Maillard reaction products derived from these honey species

Journal of Food Science and Technology 55(2): 586-597

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1155

PMID: 29391623

DOI: 10.1007/s13197-017-2968-y

The chemical parameters and the functionalities of six monofloral honeys of different botanical and geographical origins were investigated. Vitamins B1, B2, and C and the protein content of majority of honeys were distinguishable from general honey. Honeys not only were rich in a variety of functional components like flavonoids but also had strong anti-oxidant activities, scavenging activities against ROS, and anti-hypertensive and anti-allergic activities. Honeys were heated at 100 °C for 24 h and their browning intensity during heating process was observed to vary with botanical origin. The functional properties of caramelization and maillard reaction (MR) products derived from honeys during heating were evaluated. The browning of honeys progressed regardless of honey species. Anti-oxidant activities and scavenging activities against superoxide and DPPH radicals of products drastically increased, but ACE and hyaluronidase activities gradually decreased with passage of heating time. It concluded that the products, mainly melanoidins, produced simultaneously to browning process in caramelization and MR contributed to the expression of its useful function.

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Accession: 054112184

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