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Light energy collection in a porphyrin-imide-corrole ensemble

Light energy collection in a porphyrin-imide-corrole ensemble

Chemistry, An Asian Journal 8(5): 1004-1014

An assembly consisting of three units, that is, a meso-substituted corrole (C3), 1,8 naphthaleneimide (NIE), and a Zn porphyrin (ZnP), has been synthesized. NIE is connected to C3 through a 1,3-phenylene bridge and to the ZnP unit through a direct C-C bond. The convergent synthetic strategy includes the preparation of a trans-A2B-corrole possessing the imide unit, followed by Sonogashira coupling with a meso-substituted A3B-porphyrin. The photophysical processes in the resulting triad ZnP-NIE-C3 are examined and compared with those of the corresponding C3-NIE dyad and the constituent reference models C3, NIE, and ZnP. Excitation of the NIE unit in C3-NIE leads to a fast energy transfer of 98 % efficiency to C3 with a rate k(en) =7.5×10(10) s(-1), whereas excitation of the corrole unit leads to a reactivity of the excited state identical to that of the model C3, with a deactivation rate to the ground state k=2.5×10(8) s(-1). Energy transfer to C3 and to ZnP moieties follows excitation of NIE in the triad ZnP-NIE-C3. The rates are k(en) =7.5×10(10) s(-1) and k(en) =2.5×10(10) s(-1) for the sensitization of the C3 and ZnP unit, respectively. The light energy transferred from NIE to Zn porphyrin unit is ultimately funneled to the corrole component, which is the final recipient of the excitation energy absorbed by the different components of the array. The latter process occurs with a rate k(en) =3.4×10(9) s(-1) and 89 % efficiency. Energy transfer processes take place in all cases by a Förster (dipole-dipole) mechanism. The theory predicts quite satisfactorily the rate for the ZnP/C3 couple, where components are separated by about 23 Å, but results in calculated rates that are one to two orders of magnitude higher for the couples NIE/ZnP (D/A) and NIE/C3, which are separated by distances of about 14 and 10 Å, respectively.

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Accession: 054125854

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PMID: 23444300

DOI: 10.1002/asia.201300014

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