Light-induced generation of electric potential difference in membranes of purple and green sulfur bacteria
Krasinskaya, N.P.; Samuilov, V.D.
Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes 9(3): 171-180
ISSN/ISBN: 0145-479X PMID: 18265514 DOI: 10.1007/bf00743191
When associated with a planar phospholipid membrane, chromatophores isolated from photosynthetic sulfur bacteria Chromatium minutissimum, Ectothiorhodospira shaposhnikovii, and Chlorobium limicola f. thiosulfatophilum were shown to generate a light-induced transmembrane electric potential difference measured by a direct method using macroelectrodes and a voltmeter. The maximal photoelectric responses were observed upon the addition of 1,4-naphthoquinone in combination with phenazine methosulfate (or TMPD) and ascorbate. The photoeffects were inhibited by CCCP and gramicidin. The data demonstrate that similar mechanisms of photoelectric generation function in membranes of the different bacteria studied.