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Lipid rafts serve as signaling platforms for Tie2 receptor tyrosine kinase in vascular endothelial cells

Lipid rafts serve as signaling platforms for Tie2 receptor tyrosine kinase in vascular endothelial cells

Experimental Cell Research 315(16): 2818-2823

The Tie2 receptor tyrosine kinase plays a pivotal role in vascular and hematopoietic development. The major intracellular signaling systems activated by Tie2 in response to Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) include the Akt and Erk1/2 pathways. Here, we investigated the role of cholesterol-rich plasma membrane microdomains (lipid rafts) in Tie2 regulation. Tie2 could not be detected in the lipid raft fraction of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) unless they were first stimulated with Ang1. After stimulation, a minor fraction of Tie2 associated tightly with the lipid rafts. Treatment of HUVECs with the lipid raft disrupting agent methyl-beta-cyclodextrin selectively inhibited Ang1-induced Akt phosphorylation, but not Erk1/2 phosphorylation. It has been reported that inhibition of FoxO activity is an important mechanism for Ang1-stimulated Tie2-mediated endothelial function. Consistent with this, we found that phosphorylation of FoxO mediated by Tie2 activation was attenuated by lipid raft disruption. Therefore, we propose that lipid rafts serve as signaling platforms for Tie2 receptor tyrosine kinase in vascular endothelial cells, especially for the Akt pathway.

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Accession: 054136831

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PMID: 19615361

DOI: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2009.07.008

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