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Lymph node metastases in patients undergoing surgery for a gallbladder cancer. Extension of the lymph node dissection and prognostic value of the lymph node ratio

Lymph node metastases in patients undergoing surgery for a gallbladder cancer. Extension of the lymph node dissection and prognostic value of the lymph node ratio

Annals of Surgical Oncology 22(3): 811-818

Lymph node (LN) status is one of the strongest prognostic factors after gallbladder cancer (GBC) resection. The adequate extension of LN dissection and the stratification of the prognosis in N+ patients have been debated. The present study aims to clarify these issues. A total of 112 consecutive patients who underwent operations for GBC with LN dissection were analyzed. Twenty-five patients (22.3%) had D1 dissection (hepatic pedicle), and 87 (77.7%) had D2 dissection (hepatic pedicle, celiac and retro-pancreatic area). The LN ratio (LNR) was computed as follows: number of metastatic LNs/number of retrieved LNs. The median number of retrieved LNs was 7 (1-35). Fifty-nine patients (52.7%) had LN metastases (22 N2). D2 dissection allowed the retrieval of more LNs (8 vs. 3, p = 0.0007), with similar short-term outcomes. Common bile duct (CBD) resection (n = 41) did not increase the number of retrieved LNs. In five patients, D2 dissection identified skip LN metastases that otherwise would have been missed. LN metastases negatively impacted survival (5-years survival 57.2% if N0 vs. 12.4% if N+, p < 0.0001), but N1 and N2 patients had similar survival rates. The number of LN+ (1-3 vs. ≥4) did not impact prognosis. An LNR = 0.15 stratified the prognosis of N+ patients: 5-years survival 32.7% if LNR ≤ 0.15 vs. 10.3% if LNR > 0.15 (multivariate analysis p = 0.007). A D2 LN dissection is recommended in all patients, because it allows for better staging. CBD resection does not improve LN dissection. An LNR = 0.15, not the site of metastatic LNs, stratified the prognoses of N+ patients.

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Accession: 054199933

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25201500

DOI: 10.1245/s10434-014-4044-4

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