Section 55
Chapter 54,201

Lymph node stromal cells strongly influence immune response suppression

Buettner, M.; Pabst, R.; Bode, U.

European Journal of Immunology 41(3): 624-633


ISSN/ISBN: 1521-4141
PMID: 21246540
DOI: 10.1002/eji.201040681
Accession: 054200088

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Many pathogens are initially encountered in the gut, where the decision is made to mount an immune response or induce tolerance. The mesentric lymph node (mLN) has been shown to be involved in immune response and much more in oral tolerance induction. Furthermore, using an in vivo transplantation model, we showed recently that lymph node (LN) stromal cells can affect T-cell function and influence the IgA response by supporting a site-specific environment. To elucidate the importance of LN stromal cells for tolerance induction, mLN or peripheral LN were transplanted into mice (mLNtx or pLNtx) and oral tolerance was induced via ovalbumin. A reduced delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response was detected in pLNtx compared to mLNtx mice. Reduced IL-10 expression, reduced percentages of Tregs, and increased proportions of B cells were identified within the pLNtx. The increase of B cells resulted in a specific immunoglobulin production undetectable in mLNtx. Moreover, transferred IgG(+) cells of tolerized peripheral LN induced a strong reduction of the delayed-type hypersensitivity response, whereas CD4(+) cells were less efficient. Thus, stromal cells have a high impact on creating a unique environment. Furthermore, the environment of pLNtx induces a tolerogenic phenotype by B-cell accumulation and antibody production.

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