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Lysophosphatidic acid-induced transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor regulates cyclo-oxygenase-2 expression and prostaglandin E(2) release via C/EBPbeta in human bronchial epithelial cells



Lysophosphatidic acid-induced transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor regulates cyclo-oxygenase-2 expression and prostaglandin E(2) release via C/EBPbeta in human bronchial epithelial cells



Biochemical Journal 412(1): 153-162



We have demonstrated that LPA (lysophosphatidic acid)-induced IL (interleukin)-8 secretion was partly mediated via transactivation of EGFR [EGF (epidermal growth factor) receptor] in HBEpCs (human bronchial epithelial primary cells). The present study provides evidence that LPA-induced transactivation of EGFR regulates COX (cyclo-oxygenase)-2 expression and PGE(2) [PG (prostaglandin) E(2)] release through the transcriptional factor, C/EBPbeta (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta), in HBEpCs. Treatment with LPA (1 microM) stimulated COX-2 mRNA and protein expression and PGE(2) release via G(alphai)-coupled LPARs (LPA receptors). Pretreatment with inhibitors of NF-kappaB (nuclear factor-kappaB), JNK (Jun N-terminal kinase), or down-regulation of c-Jun or C/EBPbeta with specific siRNA (small interference RNA) attenuated LPA-induced COX-2 expression. Downregulation of EGFR by siRNA or pretreatment with the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, AG1478, partly attenuated LPA-induced COX-2 expression and phosphorylation of C/EBPbeta; however, neither of these factors had an effect on the NF-kappaB and JNK pathways. Furthermore, LPA-induced EGFR transactivation, phosphorylation of C/EBPbeta and COX-2 expression were attenuated by overexpression of a catalytically inactive mutant of PLD2 [PLD (phospholipase D) 2], PLD2-K758R, or by addition of myristoylated PKCzeta [PKC (protein kinase C) zeta] peptide pseudosubstrate. Overexpression of the PLD2-K758R mutant also attenuated LPA-induced phosphorylation and activation of PKCzeta. These results demonstrate that LPA induces COX-2 expression and PGE(2) production through EGFR transactivation-independent activation of transcriptional factors NF-kappaB and c-Jun, and EGFR transactivation-dependent activation of C/EBPbeta in HBEpCs. Since COX-2 and PGE(2) have been shown to be anti-inflammatory in airway inflammation, the present data suggest a modulating and protective role of LPA in regulating innate immunity and remodelling of the airways.

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Accession: 054203138

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PMID: 18294142

DOI: 10.1042/bj20071649


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