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Mass spectrometry analysis of phosphopeptides after peptide carboxy group derivatization

Mass spectrometry analysis of phosphopeptides after peptide carboxy group derivatization

Analytical Chemistry 80(21): 8324-8328

A nearly 100% yield peptide carboxy group derivatization method was offered to largely enhance phosphopeptide ionization efficiency. This method, adopting 1-(2-pyrimidyl) piperazine (PP) as the derivatization reagent, shows several advantages such as good reproducibility, ease of handling, rapid reaction time, and no side reaction. PP derivatization improves the hydrophobicities, p I values, and gas-phase basicities of peptides especially those of phosphopeptides. In the matrix assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) source, the ionization efficiencies of four synthetic phosphopeptides were increased by 50-101 times while that of three nonphosphopeptides were 10-40-fold. In the electrospray ionization (ESI) source, PP-derivatized phosphopeptides also gave much higher ionization efficiency improvements than nonphosphopeptides. When this method was applied to much more complex mixtures, tryptic BSA digests spiked with one single phosphopeptide in different molar ratios, the signal intensity of this phosphopeptide always had the largest increment among all those peptides. Obviously, this easily manipulated as well as highly specific method provides a promising tool for high-throughput phosphoproteome research.

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Accession: 054263447

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PMID: 18821779

DOI: 10.1021/ac801220c

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