+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Mental health symptoms among rural-to-urban migrants in China: a comparison with their urban and rural counterparts



Mental health symptoms among rural-to-urban migrants in China: a comparison with their urban and rural counterparts



World Health and Population 11(1): 24-38



To examine the mental health symptoms among rural-to-urban migrants in China, in comparison with representative samples of their counterparts in the rural areas from where they emigrated and urban communities to which they immigrated. A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2004-2005 in China. Both rural-to-urban migrants (n=1006) and urban residents (n=1000) were recruited in Beijing; the rural resident sample (n=1020) was recruited from the eight provinces of origin for 75% of the migrant sample. Mental health symptoms were measured using the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90). Both rural-to-urban migrants and rural residents scored higher than urban residents in all the SCL-90 global indices and subscales. The rural-to-urban migrants scored higher than rural residents on the SCL-90 Positive Symptom Distress Index and two subscales (depression and psychoticism). The difference remained significant after controlling for a number of key individual characteristics (age, gender, marital status, education, income and perceived general health) in the multivariate model. The data in the current study demonstrate that rural-to-urban migrants suffer from lower mental health status than both urban residents in the immigrating communities and their rural counterparts in the emigrating communities. The data suggest a possible deteriorative effect of migratory experience on mental health status among rural-to-urban migrants in China and suggest an urgent need for etiological studies and for mental health promotion and prevention efforts among this growing population.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 054330067

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20039592


Related references

Comparison of access to health services among urban-to-urban and rural-to-urban older migrants, and urban and rural older permanent residents in Zhejiang Province, China: a cross-sectional survey. Bmc Geriatrics 18(1): 174, 2018

Social stigma and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants in China: a comparison with their rural counterparts. World Health and Population 11(2): 30-41, 2010

Differential impacts of social support on mental health: A comparison study of Chinese rural-to-urban migrant adolescents and their urban counterparts in Beijing, China. International Journal of Social Psychiatry (): -, 2016

Urban social exclusion and mental health of China's rural-urban migrants - A review and call for research. Health and Place 48: 20-30, 2017

A Comparison of the Number of Men Who Have Sex with Men among Rural-To-Urban Migrants with Non-Migrant Rural and Urban Residents in Wuhan, China: A GIS/GPS-Assisted Random Sample Survey Study. Plos One 10(8): E0134712-E0134712, 2016

Discrimination, perceived social inequity, and mental health among rural-to-urban migrants in China. Community Mental Health Journal 47(2): 171-180, 2011

The mental health status of Chinese rural-urban migrant workers : comparison with permanent urban and rural dwellers. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 42(9): 716-722, 2007

A comparison of health-risk behaviors of rural migrants with rural residents and urban residents in China. American Journal of Health Behavior 33(1): 15-25, 2008

The effect of health on urban-settlement intention of rural-urban migrants in China. Health and Place 47: 1-11, 2017

Social stigma and mental health among rural-to-urban migrants in China: a conceptual framework and future research needs. World Health and Population 8(3): 14-31, 2006

Social stigma and mental health among rural-to-urban migrants in China: A conceptual framework and future research needs. World Health and Population 8(3): 14-31, 2008

Prevalence of Diabetes and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Rural-to-Urban Nong Zhuan Fei Migrants in an Urban Area of Northern China, 2013. Public Health Reports 131(1): 167-176, 2016

HIV-related sexual behaviour among migrants and non-migrants in a rural area of China: role of rural-to-urban migration. Public Health 120(4): 339-345, 2006

Migration Stress, Poor Mental Health, and Engagement in Sex with High-Risk Partners: A Mediation Modeling Analysis of Data from Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China. Sexuality Research and Social Policy 14(4): 467-477, 2017

Understanding health constraints among rural-to-urban migrants in China. Qualitative Health Research 23(11): 1459-1469, 2014