Metformin decreases glycated albumin to glycated haemoglobin ratio in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes

Sumitani, S.; Morita, S.; Deguchi, R.; Hirai, K.; Mukai, K.; Utsu, Y.; Miki, S.; Sato, B.; Nakamura, H.; Kasayama, S.; Koga, M.

Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 52(Part 1): 76-81

2015


ISSN/ISBN: 1758-1001
PMID: 24604630
DOI: 10.1177/0004563214522984
Accession: 054351449

Download citation:  
Text
  |  
BibTeX
  |  
RIS

Article/Abstract emailed within 0-6 h
Payments are secure & encrypted
Powered by Stripe
Powered by PayPal

Abstract
To know whether metformin improves postprandial hyperglycaemia, we examined the effect of metformin on the glycated albumin (GA) to glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) ratio (GA/HbA1c ratio) in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. Metformin and lifestyle interventions were initiated in 18 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. Metformin was titrated to 1500 mg/day or maximum-tolerated dose. HbA1c and GA were measured every four weeks up to 24 weeks. HbA1c decreased significantly from 9.0 ± 2.1% at baseline to 6.5 ± 0.9% at week 24, and GA decreased significantly from 24.3 ± 8.2% to 16.2 ± 3.1%. The GA/HbA1c ratio decreased significantly from 2.66 ± 0.37 at baseline to 2.47 ± 0.29 at week 24 (P<0.01), despite that the GA/HbA1c ratio reached a plateau value at week 16. The change in the GA/HbA1c ratio during 24 weeks (ΔGA/HbA1c ratio) was significantly correlated with both baseline HbA1c and GA. Moreover, the ΔGA/HbA1c ratio was significantly correlated with the change in GA during 24 weeks but not with the change in HbA1c. Metformin decreased the GA/HbA1c ratio in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. This suggests that metformin improves postprandial hyperglycaemia in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes.