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Chronic Pancreatitis Finding by Endoscopic Ultrasonography in the Pancreatic Parenchyma of Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms Is Associated with Invasive Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Carcinoma



Chronic Pancreatitis Finding by Endoscopic Ultrasonography in the Pancreatic Parenchyma of Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms Is Associated with Invasive Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Carcinoma



Oncology 93(Suppl. 1): 61-68



The recent guideline for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) focuses on morphological features of the lesion as signs of malignant transformation, but ignores the background pancreatic parenchyma, including features of chronic pancreatitis (CP), which is a risk factor for pancreatic malignancies. Endoscopic ultrasonography frequently reveals evidence of CP (EUS-CP findings) in the background pancreatic parenchyma of patients with IPMNs. Therefore, we investigated whether background EUS-CP findings were associated with malignant IPMN. The clinical data of 69 consecutive patients with IPMNs who underwent preoperative EUS and surgical resection between April 2010 and October 2014 were collected prospectively. The association of EUS-CP findings (total number of EUS-CP findings; 0 vs. ≥1) with invasive IPMN was examined. The association of EUS-CP findings with pathological changes of the background pancreatic parenchyma (atrophy/inflammation/fibrosis) was also examined. Among patients with EUS-CP findings, invasive intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma (IPMC) was significantly more frequent than among patients without EUS-CP findings (42.5% [17/40] vs. 3.4% [1/29], p = 0.0002). In addition, patients with EUS-CP findings had higher grades of pancreatic atrophy and inflammation than patients without EUS-CP findings (atrophy: 72.5% [29/40] vs. 34.5% [10/29], p = 0.003; inflammation: 45.0% [18/40] vs. 20.7% [6/29], p = 0.04). In IPMN patients, detection of EUS-CP findings in the background pancreatic parenchyma was associated with a higher prevalence of invasive IPMC. Accordingly, EUS examination should not only assess the morphological features of the lesion itself, but also EUS-CP findings in the background parenchyma.

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Accession: 054406267

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PMID: 29258092

DOI: 10.1159/000481232


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