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Molecular dynamics simulations investigation of neocarzinostatin chromophore-releasing pathways from the holo-NCS protein

Molecular dynamics simulations investigation of neocarzinostatin chromophore-releasing pathways from the holo-NCS protein

Journal of Structural Biology 169(1): 14-24

The enediyne ring chromophore with strong DNA cleavage activity of neocarzinostatin is labile and therefore stabilization by forming the complex (carrying protein+chromophore: holo-NCS). Holo-NCS has gained much attention in clinical use as well as for drug delivery systems, but the chromophore-releasing mechanism to trigger binding to the target DNA with high affinity and producing DNA damage remain unclear. Three possible pathways were initially determined by conventional MD, essential dynamics and essential dynamics sampling. One of the paths runs along the naphthoate moiety; another runs along the amino sugar moiety; the third along the enediyne ring. Further, calculated forces and time by FPMD (force-probe molecular dynamics) suggest that the opening of the naphthoate moiety is most favorable pathway and Leu45, Phe76 and Phe78 all are key residues for chromophore release. In addition, conformational analyses indicate that the chromophore release is only local motions for the protein.

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Accession: 054440562

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PMID: 19747549

DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2009.09.004

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