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Myocardial injury induced by ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction: evidence for the contribution of myocardial ischemia

Myocardial injury induced by ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction: evidence for the contribution of myocardial ischemia

Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 35(4): 672-679

Ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) can cause left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and tissue alterations in rats when high ultrasound (US) energy and long duration of imaging are used. However, the mechanism underlying these alterations remains unclear. The aim of the present work was to investigate the possible role of ischemia in the pathogenesis of the UTMD-induced LV damages in rats. To address this issue, rat hearts were exposed in situ to perfluorocarbon-enhanced sonicated dextrose albumin (PESDA) and US at peak negative pressures of 0.6, 1.2 or 1.8 MPa for 1, 3, 9, 15 or 30 min. Blood pressure and electrocardiogram were continuously recorded during insonation. LV function was assessed before and immediately after US exposure, as well as at 24 h and 7 d. At each time point, groups of rats were euthanized and their hearts were harvested for morphologic analysis. Rats exposed to either PESDA alone or US alone showed no functional or morphologic abnormalities. By contrast, rats exposed to both PESDA and US exhibited transient LV dysfunction, transient ST-segment elevation, premature ventricular contractions, microvascular ruptures, contraction band necrosis and morphologic tissue damage. These bio-effects were spontaneously and completely reversible by one week, except in the groups exposed to the highest peak negative pressure for the longest duration, in which mild dysfunction persisted and interstitial fibrosis developed. In conclusion, simultaneous exposure of rat hearts to PESDA and US in vivo results in significant bio-effects that are similar to myocardial ischemia, including transient regional LV dysfunction, transient ST-segment elevation and myocyte contraction band necrosis.

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Accession: 054522427

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19110365

DOI: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2008.10.005

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