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Neurogenic airway microvascular leakage induced by toluene inhalation in rats



Neurogenic airway microvascular leakage induced by toluene inhalation in rats



European Journal of Pharmacology 685(1-3): 180-185



Toluene is a representative airborne occupational and domestic pollutant that causes eye and respiratory tract irritation. We investigated whether a single inhalation of toluene elicits microvascular leakage in the rat airway. We also evaluated the effects of CP-99,994, a tachykinin NK(1) receptor antagonist, and ketotifen, a histamine H1 receptor antagonist with mast cell-stabilizing properties, on the airway response. The content of Evans blue dye that extravasated into the tissues was measured as an index of plasma leakage. Toluene (18-450 ppm, 10 min) concentration-dependently induced dye leakage into the trachea and main bronchi of anesthetized and mechanically ventilated rats. Toluene at concentrations of ≥ 50 and ≥ 30 ppm caused significant responses in the trachea and main bronchi, respectively, which both peaked after exposure to 135 ppm toluene for 10 min. This response was abolished by CP-99,994 (5 mg/kg i.v.), but not by ketotifen (1mg/kg i.v.). Nebulized phosphoramidon (1 mM, 1 min), a neutral endopeptidase 24.11 inhibitor, significantly enhanced the response induced by toluene (135 ppm, 10 min) compared with nebulized 0.9% saline (1 min). These results show that toluene can rapidly increase airway plasma leakage that is predominantly mediated by tachykinins endogenously released from airway sensory nerves. However, mast cell activation might not be important in this airway response.

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Accession: 054581810

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22554773

DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2012.04.035


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