+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Newborn tracking for polio birth dose vaccination in pastoralist and semi-pastoralist CORE Group Polio Project implementation districts (woredas) in Ethiopia



Newborn tracking for polio birth dose vaccination in pastoralist and semi-pastoralist CORE Group Polio Project implementation districts (woredas) in Ethiopia



Ethiopian Medical Journal 51(Suppl. 1): 1-12



Estimates of immunization coverage rates in Ethiopia varied widely, but were consistent in that polio birth dose coverage is much lower than other antigens, particularly in semi-pastoralist and pastoralist areas. Examine pregnancy and child delivery practices and identify mechanisms for improving polio birth dose coverage in CORE Group Polio Project implementation districts. A community based cross sectional study was conducted in March - April 2012 involving 600 women who delivered in the previous one year. Interviews were also conducted with key informants, Traditional Birth Attendants and, Health Extension Workers complemented by Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with community leaders. Three hundred twelve women (52.0%) had attended antenatal care at least once during the last pregnancy. Five hundred forty nine women (91.5%) delivered their last baby at home. Polio coverage was 29.7%, 19.7%, and 32.7% by history, by card and by history or card respectively. Antenatal care attendance was the main predictor of polio birth does utilization adjusted for other factors. Discussion with FGD participants revealed the prevailing knowledge on polio including misconceptions, and immunization service utilization. Newborn tracking for improving polio birth dose requires raising awareness among women and the community at large, strengthening mechanisms for identification and follow up of pregnant women at the community level, coordinating and strengthening the activities of front line health workers, and improving accessibility of health service.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 054618582

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24380202


Related references

Knowledge of mothers on poliomyelitis and other vaccine preventable diseases and vaccination status of children in pastoralist and semi-pastoralist areas of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Medical Journal 51(Suppl. 1): 59-66, 2013

Cross-border wild polio virus transmission in CORE Group Polio Project areas in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Medical Journal 51(Suppl. 1): 31-39, 2013

Acute flaccid paralysis surveillance status and community awareness in pastoralist and semi-pastoralist communities of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Medical Journal 51(Suppl. 1): 13-20, 2013

Demand-side determinants of timely vaccination of oral polio vaccine in social mobilization network areas of CORE Group polio project in Uttar Pradesh, India. Bmc Infectious Diseases 18(1): 222, 2018

Knowledge and practice of frontline health workers (Health Extension Workers and Community Volunteer Surveillance Focal Persons) towards acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) case detection and reporting in pastoralist and semi-pastoralist areas of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Medical Journal 51(Suppl. 1): 51-57, 2013

Outcomes of polio eradication activities in Uttar Pradesh, India: the Social Mobilization Network (SM Net) and Core Group Polio Project (CGPP). Bmc Infectious Diseases 11: 117, 2011

Implementing Social Protection in Agro-pastoralist and Pastoralist Areas: How Local Distribution Structures Moderate PSNP Outcomes in Ethiopia. World Development 50: 1-12, 2013

Performance and determinants of routine immunization coverage within the context of intensive polio eradication activities in Uttar Pradesh, India: Social Mobilization Network (SM Net) and Core Group Polio Project (CGPP). Bmc International Health and Human Rights 13: 25, 2013

Determinants of performance of supplemental immunization activities for polio eradication in Uttar Pradesh, India: social mobilization activities of the Social mobilization Network (SM Net) and Core Group Polio Project (CGPP). Bmc Infectious Diseases 13: 17, 2013

Impact of drought-related vaccination on livestock mortality in pastoralist areas of Ethiopia. Disasters 33(4): 665-685, 2009

Conflict management for multiple resource users in pastoralist and agro-pastoralist contexts. IDS Bulletin 27(3): 41-54, 1996

Oral polio vaccination in infants: beneficial effect of additional dose at birth. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 60(2): 275-281, 1993

Reasons for low level of skilled birth attendance in Afar pastoralist community, North East Ethiopia: a qualitative exploration. Pan African Medical Journal 30: 51, 2018

Systemic and mucosal immune response to polio vaccination with additional dose in newborn period. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 43(4): 232-234, 1997

Ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants of Kara and Kwego semi-pastoralist people in Lower Omo River Valley, Debub Omo Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6: 23, 2010