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Next generation digital PCR measurement of hepatitis B virus copy number in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded hepatocellular carcinoma tissue



Next generation digital PCR measurement of hepatitis B virus copy number in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded hepatocellular carcinoma tissue



Clinical Chemistry 61(1): 290-296



Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is strongly associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. False-negative results are common in routine serological tests and quantitative real-time PCR because of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) variation and low HBV copy number. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR), a next generation digital PCR, is a novel, sensitive, and specific platform that can be used to improve HBV detection. A total of 131 HCC cases with different tumor stages and clinical features were initially classified with a serological test as HBsAg positive (n = 107) or negative (n = 24) for HBV infection. Next, DNA templates were prepared from the corresponding formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues to determine HBV copy number by ddPCR. HBV copy numbers, successfully determined for all clinical FFPE tissues (n = 131), ranged from 1.1 to 175.5 copies/μL according to ddPCR. The copy numbers of HBV were positively correlated with tumor-nodes-metastasis (P = 0.008) and Barcelona-Clinic Liver Cancer (P = 0.045) classification. Moreover, serum cholinesterase correlated with hepatitis B viral load (P = 0.006). HBV infection is a key factor that influences tumorigenesis in HCC by regulating tumor occurrence and development. ddPCR improves the analytical sensitivity and specificity of measurements in nucleic acids at a single-molecule level and is suitable for HBV detection.

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Accession: 054620897

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25361948

DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2014.230227


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