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Nicotinic stimulation of catecholamine synthesis and tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation in cervine adrenal medullary chromaffin cells



Nicotinic stimulation of catecholamine synthesis and tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation in cervine adrenal medullary chromaffin cells



Journal of Neuroendocrinology 23(3): 224-231



The synthesis and secretion of catecholamines by the adrenal medulla is of major importance in the stress response. Tyrosine hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme for catecholamine biosynthesis, has been extensively studied in adrenal medullary chromaffin cells from a number of species. Cervine chromaffin cells are of interest because the deer is known to be a relatively stress-prone reactive species. We report the first characterisation of tyrosine hydroxylase regulation in cervine chromaffin cells. Nicotinic receptor activation resulted in a time- and concentration-dependent increase in catecholamine synthesis, which was significantly reduced by the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 signalling pathway inhibitor PD98059 and the calcium/calmodulin protein kinase II inhibitor KN-93, but not by H89 or bisindolylmaleimide I, inhibitors of protein kinase A and C, respectively. Nicotinic stimulation also increased the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and tyrosine hydroxylase. This latter response occurred on serine residues 19, 31 and 40 of the enzyme. The nicotinic-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and serine 31 of tyrosine hydroxylase was suppressed by PD98059 but not bisindolylmaleimide I. These data indicate that nicotinic stimulation of tyrosine hydroxylase involves the phosphorylation of serine 31 via an ERK1/2-dependent, protein kinase C-independent pathway. Protein kinase C activation by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate also caused an ERK1/2-dependent increase in the serine 31 phosphorylation of tyrosine hydroxylase but, in contrast to the nicotinic response, was not accompanied by an increase in enzyme activity. Thus, ERK1/2-mediated serine 31 phosphorylation of tyrosine hydroxylase appears necessary but not sufficient for nicotinic activation of catecholamine synthesis in cervine chromaffin cells. These data present potentially important similarities and differences between the regulation of catecholamine synthesis in cervine and the more widely studied bovine adrenal medulla.

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Accession: 054623881

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21121973

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2826.2010.02100.x


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