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NrrA, a nitrogen-regulated response regulator protein, controls glycogen catabolism in the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120



NrrA, a nitrogen-regulated response regulator protein, controls glycogen catabolism in the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120



Journal of Biological Chemistry 286(44): 38109-38114



Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120 is a filamentous cyanobacterium in which certain vegetative cells differentiate into heterocysts that are specialized cells for nitrogen fixation. Heterocysts are unable to carry out photosynthesis and depend on vegetative cells for carbohydrate to generate ATP and reductants required for nitrogen fixation. Thus, carbohydrate metabolism is very important for nitrogen fixation in the filamentous cyanobacteria; however, its regulatory mechanism remains unknown. In the present study, a nitrogen-regulated response regulator NrrA, which is a transcriptional regulator involved in heterocyst differentiation, was shown to control glycogen catabolism. The transcript levels of genes involved in glycogen catabolism, such as glgP1 and xfp-gap1-pyk1-talB operon, were decreased by the nrrA disruption. Moreover, glycogen accumulation and depression of nitrogenase activities were observed in this disruptant. NrrA bound specifically to the promoter region of glgP1, encoding a glycogen phosphorylase, and to the promoter region of sigE, encoding a group 2 σ factor of RNA polymerase. SigE activated expression of the xfp operon, encoding enzymes of glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway. It is concluded that NrrA controls not only heterocyst differentiation but also glycogen catabolism in Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120.

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Accession: 054680115

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PMID: 21926170

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m111.289124


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