+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Observations on the phenotypic relationships between anti-CarLA salivary IgA antibody response, nematode infection levels and growth rates in farmed red (Cervus elaphus) and wapiti hybrid deer (Cervus elaphus canadensis)



Observations on the phenotypic relationships between anti-CarLA salivary IgA antibody response, nematode infection levels and growth rates in farmed red (Cervus elaphus) and wapiti hybrid deer (Cervus elaphus canadensis)



Veterinary Parasitology 203(1-2): 160-166



Nematode parasites are one of the most significant production limiting factors in farmed deer in New Zealand. One long term strategy to reduce reliance on anthelmintics is to select deer that develop resistance to parasites. It has been shown in sheep that secretory antibody (IgA) in the saliva against a Carbohydrate Larval Antigen (CarLA) on infective larvae (L3) of a wide range of gastro-intestinal nematodes protects against reinfection. This paper describes a longitudinal slaughter study undertaken to measure anti-CarLA IgA antibody (CarLA-IgA) levels in the saliva of 5-12 month old farmed red and wapiti-cross-red deer (wapx) grazed together and to attempt to relate these levels to parasite burdens and productivity. The study showed that salivary CarLA-IgA levels peaked in June (late autumn) and October (mid spring), but the levels in wapx deer were significantly lower than in red deer. Over the May-December period 55% of red deer had CarLA-IgA values ≥2 units compared with 26% of wapx deer and over this period red deer had consistently lower adult abomasal parasite burdens than wapx deer. The average number of adult abomasal nematodes was significantly lower at each slaughter from May to December for all deer with CarLA-IgA ≥2 units vs <2 units. There were no demonstrable correlations with liveweight gain in these small groups of deer.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 054706993

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24582525

DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2014.01.030


Related references

Hybridisation of farmed wapiti (Cervus elaphus manitobensis) and red deer (Cervus elaphus). New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 162: 191-198, 1989

Pigmented chin papillomas in red (Cervus elaphus)  x wapiti (Cervus canadensis) stags associated with a novel papillomavirus. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 62(2): 96-99, 2014

Genetic improvement and reproductive control of farmed red deer and Wapiti (Cervus elaphus). Asian Australasian journal of animal sciences: 1354, 2000

Liver copper concentrations in red deer (Cervus elaphus) and wapiti (C canadensis) in New Zealand. Research in Veterinary Science 28(2): 261-262, 1980

Observations on the unity of forest and game management - the importance of ecological relations for the red deer Cervus elaphus Betrachtungen zur Einheit von Wald- und Waldbewirtschaftung - Bedeutung der okologischen Verhaltnisse fur das Rotwild Cervus elaphus L. Veroeffentlichungen Naturhistorisches Museum Schloss Bertholdsburg Schleusingen, 13: 55-71, 1998

Subspecies and body size allometry affect milk production and composition, and calf growth in red deer: comparison of Cervus elaphus hispanicus and Cervus elaphus scoticus. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 76(4): 594-602, 2003

Development of Diagnostic SNP Markers To Monitor Hybridization Between Sika Deer ( Cervus nippon ) and Wapiti ( Cervus elaphus ). G3 8(7): 2173-2179, 2018

Digestive response of wapiti Cervus elaphus canadensis to seasonal forages. Acta Theriologica 41(4): 415-423, 1996

Characterization of body and velvet antler growth in farmed wapiti (Cervus elaphus). Canadian Journal of Animal Science 78(2): 225-227, 1998

Are the new and old world wapitis cervus canadensis conspecific with red deer cervus elaphus?. Journal of Zoology (London) 218(1): 51-58, 1989

Observations on the output of nematode eggs in faeces and on the subsequent pasture infestation with third stage larvae produced by a herd of farmed red deer (Cervus elaphus). Veterinary Record 129(25-26): 549-551, 1991

Quantification of temperament in weaned deer calves of two genotypes (Cervus elaphus and Cervus elaphus x Elaphurus davidianus hybrids). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 41(3/4): 229-241, 1994

Quantification of temperament in weaned deer calves of two genotypes (Cervus elaphus and Cervus elaphus Elaphurus davidianus hybrids). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 41(3-4): 229-241, 1994

Atypical hyperodontia in the upper jaw of a red deer stag Cervus elaphus L Atypische Hyperodontie im Oberkiefer eines Rothirsches Cervus elaphus L. Zeitschrift fuer Jagdwissenschaft. Juni; 462: 110-113, 2000

Radio tracking on a released red deer Cervus elaphus L group Saliverilen bir geyik Cervus elaphus L grubunun sinyalle Takibi. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 211: 69-77, 1997