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On the relation between virial coefficients and the close-packing of hard disks and hard spheres

Maestre, M.Angel.G.; Santos, Aés.; Robles, M.; de Haro, M.López.

Journal of Chemical Physics 134(8): 084502

2011

The question of whether the known virial coefficients are enough to determine the packing fraction η(∞) at which the fluid equation of state of a hard-sphere fluid diverges is addressed. It is found that the information derived from the direct Padé approximants to the compressibility factor constructed with the virial coefficients is inconclusive. An alternative approach is proposed which makes use of the same virial coefficients and of the equation of state in a form where the packing fraction is explicitly given as a function of the pressure. The results of this approach both for hard-disk and hard-sphere fluids, which can straightforwardly accommodate higher virial coefficients when available, lends support to the conjecture that η(∞) is equal to the maximum packing fraction corresponding to an ordered crystalline structure.

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