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Operative vs. non-operative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture



Operative vs. non-operative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture



Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica 60(3): 57-60



It affects most frequently middle aged recreational male sportsmen (30-50 years old), previously followed by prodromal symptoms (5-33%). Rupture spot is 3 to 5 cm above heel bone vertex (90-95%) Retrospective study. WORKING OBJECTIVE: Comparison of functional re-. suits and complications of cast immobilization non-operative treatment and open suture surgical treatment. Overall 46 patients included who were treated at the Clinic for Orthopedics and Traumatology within the Clinical Center of Montenegro in Podgorica between 2004 and 2012. Patients were divided into two groups: I group consisted of 21 patients (45.65%) who were treated by cast immobilization and the II (control) group consisted of 25 patients (54.35%) who were treated by open surgical technique. Division by gender: 44 male patients (95.65%) and 2 female patients (4.35%). WORKING RESULTS: The average age of patients was 38.8 +/- 2.79 (21-60 years of age); for the patients treated operationally 37.1 +/- 3.98 years of age, for the patients treated non-operationally 40.2 +/- 2.39; 28 right side patients (60.86%), 18 left side patients (39.14%); Surface infection detected on 1 patient (2.17%); 2 patients with partial rupture, while 3 patients had complete rupture during early rehabilitation period after immobilization was taken off. Complete rupture detected on 3 patients (6.25%) has been recovered surgically. Thromboembolism noticed on 3 patients (6.52%) while 2 patients (4.34%) were affected by pulmonary embolism. Tendon elongation present on 3 patients (Magnetic Resonance (MR) Diagnostics) and on 1 patient reoperation was performed 3 months after the primary surgical intervention. This study didn't show significant statistical difference between two ways of treatment, but early immobilization is recommended because of better results. In case of Achilles tendon rupture, the advantage should be given to the surgical treatment, especially if younger population is treated.

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Accession: 054757994

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PMID: 24669581


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