Optimized simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation of rice straw for ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Scheffersomyces stipitis co-culture using design of experiments

Suriyachai, N.; Weerasaia, K.; Laosiripojana, N.; Champreda, V.; Unrean, P.

Bioresource Technology 142: 171-178

2013


ISSN/ISBN: 0960-8524
PMID: 23735799
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.05.003
Accession: 054775958

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Abstract
Herein an ethanol production process from rice straw was optimized. Simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SSCF) using Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Scheffersomyces stipitis co-culture was carried out to enhance ethanol production. The optimal saccharification solid loading was 5%. Key fermentation parameters for co-culture including cell ratio, agitation rate and temperature was rationally optimized using design of experiment (DoE). Optimized co-culture conditions for maximum ethanol production efficiency were at S. cerevisiae:S. stipitis cell ratio of 0.31, agitation rate of 116 rpm and temperature of 33.1°C. The optimized SSCF process reached ethanol titer of 15.2g/L and ethanol yield of 99% of theoretical yield, consistent with the DoE model prediction. Moreover, SSCF process under high biomass concentration resulted in high ethanol concentration of 28.6g/L. This work suggests the efficiency and scalability of the developed SSCF process which could provide an important basis for the economic feasibility of ethanol production from lignocelluloses.