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Oral contraceptive pill induced periodontal endocrinopathies and its management: A case report

Oral contraceptive pill induced periodontal endocrinopathies and its management: A case report

European Journal of Dentistry 6(3): 324-329

ISSN/ISBN: 1305-7456

PMID: 22904662

The purpose of this article is to report a case of unusual oral contraceptive induced periodontal endocrinopathies and its treatment approach. A 32-year-old female patient, having fair oral hygiene, presented with painless, soft, diffuse gingival enlargement on severely compromised periodontium (⩾ 4 mm generalized alveolar bone loss and attachment loss). The patient had on oral contraceptive over five years that was discontinued six months ago. When the lesion was not reversed following withdrawal of the pill or by repeated non-surgical measures, biopsy was performed to establish the diagnosis that revealed microscopic findings similar to that seen in gingival enlargement in pregnancy. Pocket depth, tooth mobility and gingival enlargement were reduced remarkably following periodontal surgery. After surgical intervention, close follow-up for over three years revealed no evidence of recurrence of gingival enlargement and progressive attachment loss. We conclude that periodontal surgery, patient compliance and comprehensive maintenance care are effective to return healthy periodontal status in such conditions.

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Accession: 054781195

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