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Ozonation of diesel-fuel contaminated sand and the implications for remediation end-points

Ozonation of diesel-fuel contaminated sand and the implications for remediation end-points

Chemosphere 109: 71-76

In this study, we investigate specifically the influence of soil grain size and water content on the degradation of n-alkane fractions and the formation of aldehydes and carboxylic acid during ozonation. 15 g of quartz sand spiked with diesel (25 g kg(-1)) were exposed to ozone for 20 h at concentrations of 10, 30 and 50 mg L(-1), respectively. Results indicated that ozonation of the n-alkanes in fine grain size sand (0.15-0.25 mm) was 1.2 times faster than coarse sand due to higher surface contact area between O3 and sand particles. Soil moisture below 18% w/w did not influence the ozonation efficiency. In contrast the ozonation led to an increase of acidity of the sand samples (pH=3.0) after 20 h treatment. This was due to the formation of carboxylic acid. Formaldehyde, one of the key by-products of ozonation, was always <13 mg kg(-1) after the treatment which is below the industrial soil clean-up target level. While the aldehydes and carboxylic acid further reacted with O3 and their ozonation rate were slower than those of the alkanes suggesting that the hydroxylated by-products accumulated in the sand during the process. Overall the findings demonstrated that not only the alkanes but also aldehydes and carboxylic acid should be considered when defining remediation end-points.

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Accession: 054830659

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PMID: 24873709

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.03.005

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