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Paramedian epidural with midline spinal in the same intervertebral space: An alternative technique for combined spinal and epidural anaesthesia

Paramedian epidural with midline spinal in the same intervertebral space: An alternative technique for combined spinal and epidural anaesthesia

Indian Journal of Anaesthesia 57(4): 364-370

Although different techniques have been developed for administering combined spinal epidural (CSE) anaesthesia, none can be described as an ideal one. WE PERFORMED A STUDY TO COMPARE TWO POPULAR CSE TECHNIQUES: Double segment technique (DST) and single segment (needle through needle) technique (SST) with another alternative technique: Paramedian epidural and midline spinal in the same intervertebral space (single space dual needle technique: SDT). After institutional ethical clearance, 90 consenting patients undergoing elective lower limb orthopaedic surgery were allocated to receive CSE into one of the three groups (n=30 each): Group I: SST, Group II: SDT, Group III: DST using computerized randomization. The time for technique performance, surgical readiness, technical aspects of epidural and subarachnoid block (SAB) and morbidity were compared. SDT is comparable with SST and DST in time for technique performance (13.42±2.848 min, 12.18±6.092 min, 11.63±3.243 min respectively; P=0.268), time to surgical readiness (18.28±3.624 min, 17.64±5.877 min, 16.87±3.137 min respectively; P=0.42) and incidence of technically perfect block (70%, 66.66%, 76.66%; respectively P=0.757). Use of paramedian route for epidural catheterization in SDT group decreases complications and facilitates catheter insertion. There was a significant number of cases with lack of dural puncture appreciation (SST=ten, none in SDT and DST; P=0.001) and delayed cerebrospinal fluid reflux (SST=five, none in SDT and DST; P=0.005) while performance of SAB in SST group. The incidence of nausea, vomiting, post-operative backache and headache was comparable between the three groups. SDT is an acceptable alternative to DST and SST.

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Accession: 054861308

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24163450

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.118559

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