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Pharmacy students' ability to think about thinking



Pharmacy students' ability to think about thinking



American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 78(8): 148



To investigate students' metacognitive skills to distinguish what they know from what they do not know, to assess students' prediction of performance on a summative examination, and to compare student-identified incorrect questions with actual examination performance in order to improve exam quality. Students completed a test-taking questionnaire identifying items perceived to be incorrect and rating their test-taking ability. Higher performing students evidenced better metacognitive skills by more accurately identifying incorrect items on the exam. Most students (86%) underpredicted their performance on the summative examination (actual = 73.6 ± 7.1 versus predicted = 63.7 ± 10.5, p < 0.05). Student responses helped refine items and resulted in examination changes. Metacognition is important to the development of life-long learning in pharmacy students. Students able to monitor what they know and what they do not know can improve their performance.

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Accession: 054964075

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25386013

DOI: 10.5688/ajpe788148


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