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Phenethyl isocyanate is not the metabolite of phenethyl isothiocyanate responsible for mechanism-based inhibition of cytochrome P450



Phenethyl isocyanate is not the metabolite of phenethyl isothiocyanate responsible for mechanism-based inhibition of cytochrome P450



Archives of Toxicology 84(10): 751-759



Phenethyl isothiocyanate is a chemopreventive phytochemical present in cruciferous vegetables where it exists as the glucosinolate gluconasturtiin. It is a mechanism-based inhibitor of both rat and human cytochrome P450 enzymes. The principal objective of the present study was to ascertain whether phenethyl isocyanate, formed by the cytochrome P450-mediated oxidative desulphuration of phenethyl isothiocyanate, is the metabolite responsible for the mechanism-based inhibition. Phenethyl isothiocyanate, following incubation with Aroclor 1254-induced rat liver microsomes in the presence of NADPH, markedly suppressed the CYP1A-mediated O-deethylation of ethoxyresorufin; extent of inhibition was directly related to the pre-incubation time and was antagonised by reduced glutathione. When human liver microsomes were used, the inhibitory effect of phenethyl isothiocyanate, which was once again related to the pre-incubation time, was even more pronounced. When the ability of phenethyl isothiocyanate and phenethyl isocyanate to directly inhibit the O-deethylation of ethoxyresorufin in rat microsomes was compared, the latter compound was only moderately more effective. In human microsomes, both compounds were equipotent. In phenobarbital-induced lung microsomes, phenethyl isothiocyanate was a direct and potent inhibitor of the O-depentylation of pentoxyresorufin; pre-incubation of the isothiocyanate had no impact. Human precision-cut liver slices were more effective than rat slices in metabolising phenethyl isothiocyanate. Pre-treatment of rats, however, with phenobarbitone significantly enhanced the metabolism of isothiocyanate. It may be inferred from the present studies that: (a) phenethyl isocyanate is not the metabolite of phenethyl isothiocyanate responsible for its mechanism-based inhibition, and (b) CYP2B is an important catalyst of the metabolism of phenethyl isothiocyanate.

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Accession: 054970065

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PMID: 20140730

DOI: 10.1007/s00204-010-0522-z


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