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Physiological impact of mitochondrial alternative oxidase on photosynthesis and growth in Arabidopsis thaliana

Physiological impact of mitochondrial alternative oxidase on photosynthesis and growth in Arabidopsis thaliana

Plant, Cell and Environment 34(11): 1890-1899

The mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) has been suggested to have a beneficial role in illuminated leaves, but its function has not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the effects of a knockout of the AOX1a gene on photosynthesis and growth under several light conditions in Arabidopsis thaliana. The AOX-deficient aox1a mutant showed a lowered operating efficiency of photosystem II and an enhanced activity of cyclic electron transport around photosystem I (CET-PSI) at high irradiance. To further address the physiological association of AOX with CET-PSI, we crossed aox1a with the pgr5 mutant, which is impaired in CET-PSI activity. In the pgr5 mutant background, AOX deficiency did not affect the apparent photosynthetic efficiency, indicating that the direct contribution of AOX to photosynthesis is not so large compared with CET-PSI. Nevertheless, the growth of the aox1a pgr5 double mutant was significantly impaired depending on the light intensity under growth conditions. The possibility of a synergistic function of AOX with CET-PSI in supporting plant growth is discussed.

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Accession: 055001925

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21707657

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2011.02384.x

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