Polymorphism of the inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase gene predicts ribavirin-induced anemia in chronic hepatitis C patients
Nishimura, T.; Osaki, R.; Shioya, M.; Imaeda, H.; Aomatsu, T.; Takeuchi, T.; Okumura, Y.; Fujiyama, Y.; Andoh, A.
Molecular Medicine Reports 5(2): 517-520
ISSN/ISBN: 1791-3004 PMID: 22052220 DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2011.659
Ribavirin (RBV)-induced anemia is a serious side effect of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus RBV therapy which is the standard care most effective for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In the present study, we investigated the association of inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (ITPA) genotypes with RBV-induced hemoglobin (Hb) reduction in HCV patients treated with PEG-IFN/RBV therapy. The genotypes of the ITPA rs1127354 single nucleotide polymorphism were determined in 179 patients with HCV infection. Among them, 52 patients were treated with PEG-IFN/RBV. The frequency of the ITPA major allele (CC) was 76.3% and that of the minor allele (CA and AA) was 23.7%. A rapid decrease in Hb levels during the initial 4 weeks was observed in patients with the ITPA major allele (CC), but not in patients with the ITPA minor allele (C/A and AA). Hb levels at 4 weeks were significantly lower in patients with the ITPA major allele than the levels in patients with the minor allele. Out of the 41 patients, 6 (14.6%) with ITPA major allele had Hb levels <10 g/dl and 11 patients (26.8%) had a decline in Hb of >3 g/dl. None of the patients with the ITPA minor allele had such data. There were no significant differences in virological responses of HCV-RNA between patients with the ITPA major allele and those with the minor allele. In conclusion, the ITPA genotypes may be a useful marker for prediction of RBV-induced anemia.