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Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection in hospitalized patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhea: A systematic review and meta-analysis



Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection in hospitalized patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhea: A systematic review and meta-analysis



Anaerobe 50: 32-37



Clostridium difficile is the main infectious cause of antibiotic associated diarrhea (AAD). The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of C. difficile AAD in hospitalized patients. We searched MEDLINE (Pubmed), Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane library for subject headings and text words related to C. difficile AAD. Studies that investigated the prevalence or frequency of C. difficile AAD in health care settings were considered eligible. Using a random-effects model, data obtained from the identified studies were combined. Of the 2464 citations identified, twenty studies (5496 patients) met the inclusion criteria of the present study. Pooling all studies, the frequency of C. difficile among AAD patients was 20.0% (95% CI 13.0-28.0). The most frequently used antibiotics in health care settings were the following: Clindamycin, fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins. The current systematic review demonstrated the significant presence of C. difficile among patients with AAD. The limited and rational use of broad spectrum antibiotics and implementation of standard infection control measures are recommended to reduce the risk of C. difficile associated infections in hospitalized patients.

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Accession: 055115793

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PMID: 29408016

DOI: 10.1016/j.anaerobe.2018.01.011


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