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Preparation, characterization and antibacterial properties against E. coli K(88) of chitosan nanoparticle loaded copper ions

Preparation, characterization and antibacterial properties against E. coli K(88) of chitosan nanoparticle loaded copper ions

Nanotechnology 19(8): 085707

The present study was conducted to prepare and characterize chitosan nanoparticle loaded copper ions, and evaluate their antibacterial activity. Chitosan nanoparticles were prepared based on ionotropic gelation, and then the copper ions were loaded. The particle size, zeta potential and morphology were determined. Antibacterial activity was evaluated against E. coli K(88) by determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) in vitro. Results showed that the antibacterial activity was significantly enhanced by the loading of copper ions compared to those of chitosan nanoparticles and copper ions. The MIC and MBC of chitosan nanoparticle loaded copper ions were 21 times and 42 times lower than those of copper ions, respectively. To confirm the antibacterial mechanism, morphological changes of E. coli K(88) treated by chitosan nanoparticle loaded copper ions were dynamically observed with an atomic force microscope (AFM). It was found that chitosan nanoparticle loaded copper ions killed E. coli K(88) through damage to the cell membrane.

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Accession: 055137325

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PMID: 21730738

DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/19/8/085707

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