+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence and risk factors associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Sikkim



Prevalence and risk factors associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Sikkim



Journal of Community Health 38(1): 156-162



The population of Sikkim is a unique blend of multi-tribal and metropolitan culture. However, till date, no data regarding prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (henceforth abbreviated as STDs) among this population is available and hence requires attention. Hence the objective is to determine the prevalence of STDs in Sikkim and to describe associated risk factors. A cross-sectional study involving 'Questionnaire-based anonymous feedback system' was followed to collect data from 2,000 individuals across the society. The four most common STDs, gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia and HIV, were considered for the study. Total 69 (3.6%) cases of STDs were found in 1,918 individuals was affected by at least one of the STDs, out of which 43 were males and 26 were females. Cases of gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydiasis and HIV were 25, 22, 4 and 18 respectively. Out of total 69 cases of STDs, 20 individuals were also suffering from some kind of hepatitis. Addictions like alcoholism, smoking and drugs were also found in significant number, with 1,019 (>50%) individuals with at least one of these addictions. Relative risk analysis indicates that gender-wise females are more vulnerable to STDs than males. The number of partners, addictions, especially alcohol and drug abuse, also contribute to STD cases. STDs act as a significant risk factor in transmitting some of the types of hepatitis. In such cases, females are more vulnerable than males. The results suggest that new community health programs are essential for both, HIV and non-HIV STDs in Sikkim.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 055151977

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22811073

DOI: 10.1007/s10900-012-9596-2


Related references

Behaviors and risk factors in a population of patients with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Revista del Colegio de Medicos Y Cirujanos de Guatemala 2 Suppl: 14-18, 1992

Prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Owerri, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Health Research 6(2): 153-158, 1996

Long distance truck-drivers: 1. Prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). East African Medical Journal 68(6): 425-429, 1991

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), risk of HIV infection, and condoms: what you need to know. Contraception Report 7(2 Suppl): 1-2, 1996

Population attributable risk of sexually transmitted diseases stds in hiv infection. Morisset, R A (Ed ) Ve Conference Internationale Sur Le Sida: Le Defi Scientifique Et Social; V International Conference on Aids: The Scientific And Social Challenge; Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 4-9, 1262p International Development Research Centre: Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Illus Paper 991, 1989

Narrative Review: Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Homeless Youth-What Do We Know About Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevalence and Risk?. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 44(8): 466-476, 2018

Sexually transmitted diseases symptoms in adults: prevalence and risk factors. Revista de Saude Publica 38(1): 76-84, 2004

Reported sexually transmitted disease clinic attendance and sexually transmitted infections in britain: prevalence, risk factors, and proportionate population burden. Journal of Infectious Diseases 191 Suppl 1: S127-S138, 2005

Lack of Knowledge about Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Implications for STDs Prevention and Care among Dermatology Patients in an Urban City in Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(6), 2019

Sexually transmitted diseases among female prisoners in Brazil: prevalence and risk factors. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 27(9): 491-495, 2000

Assessment of sexually transmitted diseases as risk factors for HIV seroconversion in a New Orleans sexually transmitted disease clinic, 1990-1998. Annals of Epidemiology 15(1): 13-20, 2004

Risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases and casual sex among Chinese patients attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in Hong Kong. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 29(6): 360-365, 2002

Prevalence and risk factors of the whole spectrum of sexually transmitted diseases in male incoming prisoners in France. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 28(4): 409-413, 2008

The trading of sex for money or drugs, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and HIV-related risk behaviors among multisubstance using alcoholic inpatients. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 49(1): 33-38, 1998

Prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases as well as related associated risk factors among middle/low level female sex workers in a city in Guangdong province. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 35(5): 510-513, 2015