+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers deployed for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan



Prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers deployed for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan



Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 788: 117-124



Respiratory diseases are one of the most common health problems among service personnel assigned to contemporary military operations which are conducted in areas characterized by adverse environmental conditions. This article reviews the results of the studies into the prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers of the Polish Military Contingent deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. The article also discusses a number of factors which increase the prevalence of diseases diagnosed in the population of soldiers on a military mission in different climatic and sanitary conditions. Retrospective analysis was based on medical records of Polish troops treated on an outpatient basis in Iraq in 2003-2004 (n = 871) and in Afghanistan in 2003-2005 (n = 400), 2009 (n = 2,300), and 2010 (n = 2,500). The intensity rates were calculated and were then used to calculate the prevalence of diseases per 100 persons in a given population of the military personnel. We found that acute respiratory tract diseases were one of the most common health problems treated in outpatient medical facilities in all four study populations. The incidence rate was 45.6 cases in Iraq in 2003-2004, and in Afghanistan it amounted to 61.8 in 2003-2005, 45.3 in 2009, and 54.8-100 persons in 2010. In conclusion, the prevalence of respiratory diseases was closely related to the environmental factors, such as sand and dust storms, extreme temperature changes, unsatisfactory sanitary conditions, and common disregard of basic principles concerning disease prevention.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 055154633

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 23835968

DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-6627-3_18


Related references

Self reported incidence and morbidity of acute respiratory illness among deployed U.S. military in Iraq and Afghanistan. Plos One 4(7): E6177, 2009

Occupational Lung Diseases among Soldiers Deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. Occupational Medicine and Health Affairs 1, 2014

Longitudinal assessment of gender differences in the development of PTSD among US military personnel deployed in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Journal of Psychiatric Research 68: 30-36, 2016

Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression among U.S. military health care professionals deployed in support of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Journal of Traumatic Stress 25(6): 616-623, 2013

Aggressive and violent behavior among military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: prevalence and link with deployment and combat exposure. Epidemiologic Reviews 37: 196-212, 2015

Newly reported respiratory symptoms and conditions among military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: a prospective population-based study. American Journal of Epidemiology 170(11): 1433-1442, 2009

Prevalence of, risk factors for, and consequences of posttraumatic stress disorder and other mental health problems in military populations deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. Current Psychiatry Reports 17(5): 37, 2016

Spinal injury hospitalizations among U.S. Army soldiers deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. Military Medicine 180(2): 216-223, 2016

Non-battle injuries among U.S. Army soldiers deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq, 2001-2013. Journal of Safety Research 60: 29-34, 2017

Mental health screening and coordination of care for soldiers deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. American Journal of Psychiatry 168(4): 341-343, 2011

Traumatic brain injury hospitalizations of U.S. army soldiers deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 38(1 Suppl.): S108-S116, 2010

Visceral leishmaniasis: clinical observations in 4 US army soldiers deployed to Afghanistan or Iraq, 2002-2004. Archives of Internal Medicine 167(17): 1899-1901, 2007

Short communication: Investigation of incident HIV infections among U.S. army soldiers deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq, 2001-2007. Aids Research and Human Retroviruses 28(10): 1308-1312, 2013

Comparing post-deployment mental health services utilization in soldiers deployed to Balkan, Iraq and Afghanistan. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 135(6): 564-572, 2017

Perceptions of stigma and barriers to care among UK military personnel deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping 26(5): 539-557, 2014