+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence of diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular risk factors in US Asian Indians: results from a national study

Prevalence of diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular risk factors in US Asian Indians: results from a national study

Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications 24(3): 145-153

Although studies of immigrant Asian Indians in other countries show high rates of diabetes (DM), metabolic syndrome (MetS), and cardiovascular disease (CVD), no randomized, population-based studies of this rapidly growing ethnic group exist in the US. The sample comprised 1038 randomly selected Asian Indian immigrants, aged 18 years and older at seven US sites. Prevalence of diabetes and MetS (age-adjusted and sex-adjusted means) was estimated and ANOVA was used to calculate gender and group differences (normoglycemia/impaired fasting glucose/diabetes) for CVD risk factors. The mean age was 48.2 years. The majority of respondents were male, married, educated, and with some form of health insurance. Prevalence of diabetes was 17.4%, and 33% of the respondents had prediabetes. Cardiovascular risk factors, especially high levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, homocysteine, and C-reactive protein, and low levels of HDL cholesterol, were also prevalent; elevated lipoprotein(a) was not observed. The age-adjusted prevalence of MetS was 26.9% by the original NCEP/ATP III criteria, 32.7% by the modified NCEP/ATP III criteria, and 38.2% by the IDF criteria. The MetS rates for women, but not for men, increased with age using all three criteria. There was a progressive worsening of all metabolic parameters as individuals progressed from normal to IFG to diabetes. The prevalence rates of diabetes and MetS among US Asian Indians are higher than reported in earlier, nonrandomized, smaller surveys. These data provide a firm basis for future mechanistic and interventional studies.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 055157181

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19303333

DOI: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2009.01.003

Related references

High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Asian Indians: a community survey - Chandigarh Urban Diabetes Study (CUDS). Indian Journal of Medical Research 139(2): 252-259, 2015

Prevalence and risk factors for metabolic syndrome in Asian Indians: A community study from urban Eastern India. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 3(3): 204-211, 2012

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and associated risk factors in Asian Indians. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 10(4): 313-323, 2007

Prevalence and risk factors of metabolic syndrome among Asian Indians: a community survey. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 89(2): 181-188, 2010

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome risk factors among young adult Asian Indians. Journal of Immigrant Health 7(2): 117-126, 2005

Brief report: metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk factors among the affluent asian indians living in India. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders 2(3): 169-171, 2008

Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors by habitat: a study on adult Asian Indians in West Bengal, India. Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht Uber die Biologisch-Anthropologische Literatur 68(3): 253-264, 2011

Vitamin D Levels, Body Composition, and Metabolic Factors in Asian Indians: Results from the Metabolic Syndrome and Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America Pilot Study. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism 72(3): 223-230, 2018

Sex-Specific Prevalence of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the Middle-Aged Population of China: A Subgroup Analysis of the 2007-2008 China National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study. Plos One 10(9): E0139039-E0139039, 2016

Prevalence of cardiovascular disease and risk factors in the Chinese population with impaired glucose regulation: the 2007-2008 China national diabetes and metabolic disorders study. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 121(6): 372-374, 2014

A diabetes risk score helps identify metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk in Indians - the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES-38). Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism 9(3): 337-343, 2007

Family history of type 2 diabetes and prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adult Asian Indians. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 3(2): 104-108, 2012

Effect of Almond Supplementation on Glycemia and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Asian Indians in North India with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A 24-Week Study. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders 15(2): 98-105, 2017

Cardiovascular risk factors (diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and metabolic syndrome) in older people with intellectual disability: results of the HA-ID study. Research in Developmental Disabilities 33(6): 1722-1731, 2013

Cardiovascular disease risk factors and diabetes in Asian Indians residing in Michigan. Journal of Community Health 37(2): 395-402, 2012