+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the city of Badajoz 2002 (Extremadura project to prevent blindness)

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the city of Badajoz 2002 (Extremadura project to prevent blindness)

Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia 82(3): 153-158

To establish the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR), types and risk factors in a diabetic population in the city of Badajoz. A cross-sectional study, with prospective data collection, was performed in 2002 on 762 randomly selected diabetic patients belonging to two Primary Care Centers. We evaluated age, gender, type, treatment, duration of diabetes and blood pressure levels. Two color fundus photographs were taken and ophthalmoscopy performed on both eyes. Data were analyzed using SPSS (11.5). The mean age of the patients was 66.2 (DS 11.4) years, 4.7% were type 1 diabetics, 29% were insulin-treated and 52.8% had elevated blood pressure. Prevalence of DR was 29.8%, macular edema 1.4% and proliferative DR 4.8%. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with an evolution of between 5 and 10 years had a frequency 1.13 times higher (ORaj 1.13; IC 95% 0.68-1.88; p=0.648) than those of less than 5 years evolution, while those with more than 15 years evolution had a frequency 3.12 times higher (ORaj 3.12; IC 95% 1.85-5.26; p<0.001). Patients receiving treatment with oral antidiabetic agents had an RD prevalence 2.39 times higher (ORaj 2.39; IC 95% 1.21-4.74; p=0,012) than those treated with diet only. Patients treated with insulin had a 10.32 higher frequency (ORaj 10.32; IC 95% 5.07-21.00; p<0.001) than those treated with diet. 29.8% of the diabetic population in the city of Badajoz is affected by DR. Although this prevalence is lower than that observed in previous studies performed by the same team, further studies should be carried out to detect risk sub-groups to allow us to act to decrease such a high prevalence.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 055157212

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 17357892

Related references

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the Regional Comunity of Extremadura. 1997-2001 (Extremadura Project to Prevent Blindness). Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia 80(3): 187-194, 2005

Diabetic care initiatives to prevent blindness from diabetic retinopathy in India. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 64(1): 50-54, 2016

Diabetic retinopathy: new ways to prevent blindness. Science 192(4239): 539-540, 1976

Diabetic retinopathy: newer therapies to prevent blindness. Geriatrics 47(5): 71-2, 75, 81 Passim, 1992

Prevalence of blindness and diabetic retinopathy in northern Jordan. European Journal of Ophthalmology 25(4): 320-327, 2015

Prevalence and causes of blindness and diabetic retinopathy in Southern Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal 36(4): 449-455, 2015

Estimating the Prevalence of Blindness from Diabetic Retinopathy an Application of Capture-recapture Methodology. ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract Search & Program Planner : Abstract No 4383, 2002

Assessing progression and efficacy of treatment for diabetic retinopathy following the proliferative pathway to blindness: implication for diabetic retinopathy screening in Taiwan. Diabetic Medicine 20(9): 727-733, 2003

An effective programme to systematic diabetic retinopathy screening in order to reduce diabetic retinopathy blindness. Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine 17 Suppl 1: 30-34, 2014

Prevalence and risk factors for diabetes and diabetic retinopathy: results from the Nigeria national blindness and visual impairment survey. Bmc Public Health 14(): 1299-1299, 2015

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy. Check-up program of a public health insurance company in Germany 2002-2004. Der Ophthalmologe 104(6): 499-500, 502-4, 2007

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among the elderly in rural southern Shuangcheng city, Heilongjiang province. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 31(8): 856-859, 2016

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in patients affected by type 2 diabetes mellitus in the city of Luzerna--SC. Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia 73(3): 259-265, 2011

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy as cause for visual impairment: the Beijing Public Health Care Project. Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology 41(6): 608-609, 2014

Prevalence and influence of diabetic retinopathy in populations at the age of ≥ 40 years in Luzhou City, Sichuan Province in 2011. Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology 49(9): 789-794, 2014