+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence of flatfoot and anthropometric comparison between flat and normal feet in the Hausa ethnic group of Nigeria

Prevalence of flatfoot and anthropometric comparison between flat and normal feet in the Hausa ethnic group of Nigeria

Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 103(5): 369-373

Flat arches in children usually become proper arches and high arches as the child progresses through adolescence and into adulthood. Only if the deformity persists or presents in adolescence or adulthood is it considered abnormal. We sought to determine the incidence of flatfoot in schoolchildren and to make an anthropometric comparison between flat and normal feet with respect to age and sex in the Hausa ethnic group of Nigeria. Two hundred 9- to 14-year-old students (100 boys and 100 girls) were studied. Navicular height, medial malleolar height, lateral malleolar height, foot length, and transverse arch length were measured with a ruler, marker, and measuring tape. Statistical analysis was conducted using analysis of variance and independent-samples t tests (P < .05). The overall prevalence of flatfoot was 10% (n = 20) (7% in boys [n = 7] and 13% in girls [n = 13]). Statistically significant differences were found in all of the measured parameters except foot length. This study showed that flatfoot has a higher incidence in girls than in boys in the Hausa ethnic group, with the incidence decreasing with age. Girls had a higher incidence of flatfoot than boys, and it was also influenced by age.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 055157848

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24072364

Related references

Relationship between selected anthropometric variables and prevalence of flatfoot among urban and rural school children in south west Nigeria. Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine 21(2): 135-140, 2011

Comparison of plantar pressure between flat and normal feet when crossing an obstacle at different heights. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation 28(4): 629-633, 2016

A Comparison of Muscle Activities in the Lower Extremity between Flat and Normal Feet during One-leg Standing. Journal of Physical Therapy Science 25(9): 1059-1061, 2013

Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Schistosomiasis Among Hausa Communities In Kano State, Nigeria. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo 58: -, 2016

Flat feet, happy feet? Comparison of the dynamic plantar pressure distribution and static medial foot geometry between Malawian and Dutch adults. Plos One 8(2): E57209-E57209, 2013

Is Nigeria winning the battle against malaria? Prevalence, risk factors and KAP assessment among Hausa communities in Kano State. Malaria Journal 15: 351-351, 2017

A comparison of foot kinematics in people with normal- and flat-arched feet using the Oxford Foot Model. Gait & Posture 32(4): 519-523, 2011

Rh and Kell blood group antigen prevalence in a multi-ethnic cohort in Nigeria: implications for local transfusion service. Immunohematology 34(2): 61-65, 2018

Do foot orthoses change lower limb muscle activity in flat-arched feet towards a pattern observed in normal-arched feet?. Clinical Biomechanics 25(7): 728-736, 2010

Rural-urban difference in plasma lipid levels and prevalence of dyslipidemia in Hausa-Fulani of north-western Nigeria. Ethnicity & Disease 23(3): 374-378, 2013

The role of leg muscles in variations of the arches in normal and flat feet. Physical Therapy 49(10): 1084-1088, 1969

Differences in plantar loading between flat and normal feet during different athletic tasks. Gait & Posture 29(4): 582-586, 2009

Children with flat feet have weaker toe grip strength than those having a normal arch. Journal of Physical Therapy Science 27(11): 3533-3536, 2015

Pressure distribution under normal high arched and flat feet during easy standing. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 12(2): 92, 1980

The Prevalence of Spine Deformities and Flat Feet among 10-12 Year Old Children Who Train Basketball--Cross-Sectional Study. Collegium Antropologicum 39(3): 625-629, 2016