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Prevalence of folate and vitamin B12 deficiency in Mexican children aged 1 to 6 years in a population-based survey



Prevalence of folate and vitamin B12 deficiency in Mexican children aged 1 to 6 years in a population-based survey



Salud Publica de Mexico 54(2): 116-124



To describe the magnitude and distribution of folate and vitamin B12 deficiency in Mexican children. Folate and vitamin B12 serum concentrations were measured in a probabilistic sample of 2 099 children. Adjusted prevalence, mean concentrations and relevant associations were calculated based on series of logistic and linear regression models. The overall prevalence of folate and vitamin B12 deficiency were 3.2% and 7.7%, respectively. The highest prevalence of folate was found in the 2-year-old (7.9%), and of vitamin B12 in the 1 year-old (9.1%) groups. Being a beneficiary of the fortified milk program Liconsa was protectively associated with serum folate (p=0.001) and daily Intake of milk with vitamin B12 (p=0.002) concentrations. We describe the magnitude of folate and vitamin B12 deficiencies in Mexican children. The deficiency of both vitamins in children under 2 years old is a moderate public health problem in Mexico.

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Accession: 055157861

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PMID: 22535170


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